HIS103Y1 Lecture Notes - Protestantism, Great Power

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Published on 21 Sep 2012
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS103Y1
Diplomacy, War, Proper Strategy
Best solution for humanity = international alliances (organization)
It sets the rules…Every major war concludes with a
Major peace treaty
Signed in major international conference
Korean War still has no conclusion...no truce
Europe can always achieve diplomacy = Foundation of European states system
30 Years War - One of greatest carnages in Europe history
More devastating than WW2 aka Bloodiest war
Germany - 15 mil...5 mil died...1/3 population…approximately
1. Separation, breakdown of church...protestant and catholic
2. Military revolution breakthrough...gunpowder unprecedented carnage on battlefield
Christianity conflict - Martin Luther german nailed a thesis - 95 questions
Methods the church was using to garner income - Indulgence - to pay your sins$10k guarantee
Morality = catholic individuals did not live up to promise, so Luther questioned role of Pope
Pope arrest Luther outraged - bring him to Rome and condemn him
Luther escaped and continues reformation of church
Church survives without Pope? Divide the Prince from the Holy Roman Empire?
Started in 1680 = drop in revenue, drop in political power
Catholics eliminated protestants...almost all of them from the HRE
Denmark, Sweden, all came to war to try to save Protestantism and save Europe
Austria, Spain = Catholic states overwhelming Protestant
Gustavus Adolphus You are either with God or with the devil
Founder/King of Sweden introduce new military
Catholic France joined protestant side entered 30 years war
Why? I am French first not Catholic - comes down to patriotism
Cardinal Richelieu - Discard religion, seek national interest
Offer $1 mil annual subsides to Sweden and Dutch
May 1643 - French defeat Spanish army to ensure no more support to Austria (1/2 catholic forces)
German and Austrian Catholics in HRE defeated
Ensured Protestantism in Europe
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Document Summary

Best solution for humanity = international alliances (organization) It sets the rules every major war concludes with a. Europe can always achieve diplomacy = foundation of european states system. 30 years war - one of greatest carnages in europe history. Germany - 15 mil5 mil died1/3 population approximately: separation, breakdown of churchprotestant and catholic, military revolution breakthroughgunpowder unprecedented carnage on battlefield. Christianity conflict - martin luther german nailed a thesis - 95 questions. Methods the church was using to garner income - indulgence - to pay your sins k guarantee. Morality = catholic individuals did not live up to promise, so luther questioned role of pope. Pope arrest luther outraged - bring him to rome and condemn him. Started in 1680 = drop in revenue, drop in political power. Catholics eliminated protestantsalmost all of them from the hre. Denmark, sweden, all came to war to try to save protestantism and save europe.

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