HIS220Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Lombards, Roman Calendar, Hilary Term

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
September 13th, 2012
time and space
actions and passions of humans
what are passions? Latin means to suffer
histories about suffering and actions
start by beign self critical, prejudices own actions and passions, then think about other
motives—to move, things that move you to act or suffer in particular ways
money sex and power, but what else, do they move you to crime or to other things
its what it is you love that moves it, how well they love—love it too much, appropriately,
medieval—medi = middle—eval = ages
end of roman empire to the beginning of printing press
end of roman empire 500ad to beginning of renaissance 1200ad
people in the middle age thought they were in the middle of the beginning of earth and
judgement day
beginning was the first coming of christ, “AD” the first time christ resurected
spend some time thinking about microgreography
wyh youd plant grain where you do
why rivers are important
think abuot history in terms fo macrogeography
begin to be familiar with the geography of middle europe
the rivers, the mountain ranges, possibilities for trade connections
monestary's—think about a church and the way it works, think about one geographically,
the people who act and suffer in these places
look at the sun to tell the time
church time vs merchants
church time, arbitrary, more choice—bell rings when meal is ready
clock has 12 equal portions but varies
the day is sometimes longer than the others, in medieval days it doesnt matter
bell rings at sun up, 6th hour, 9th hour (nones noon which is dinner hour), 12th hour
days of week, sunday is day 1 and then goes day 2, 3, 4, etc
no months—goes by religous holidays—feast of michael fall
st. hilary term january feast of january
summer begins feeast of john the baptist
saint days and feast days
clerks, monks, bishops were scholarly and studied calculaitons and calculated these
you have to have someone who studies these things
2 types of science in middle ages—research and calculation and tinkering trial and error
tinkering is a real art
1 AD—roman empire, christian church and barbarian peoples interacting in interesting ways
ends 1500AD-- steal a bit of the renaissance
ano dromine—the year of the incarnation of the lord—january first, christmas, or easter, or 9
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