World War 1 (Lect2) Background to war, July Crisis, Assasination of Franz Ferdinand, Schlieffen Plan

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
Department
Course
WW1- 1914-1918. Diplomacy, Warfare, Violence and politics
- Europe had been urbanized and industrialized since 1890. It had also
been free of war from 1870-1914 (excluding colonial wars, wars on
fringe of Europe)
- 1914- Europe is at the peak of its power. Possesses ¼ world pop
- Empires of Europe produce colonial rivalries and reckless foreign
policies
- Seeds for war seen before; Morocco 1905, Boer War 1900, Balkan War
- War sparked by the July Crisis- 5 weeks (June 28- July 31)
- Diplomatic crisis begins with the assassination of Archduke Franz
Ferdinand (heir to Habsburg empire) and ends with Russian
mobilization and declarations of war
- War proved to be a war of annihilation. By 1918 Europe is drastically
different, redraws Europe.
- War provides the first taste of mass industrialized death (MGs, aerial
war, gas war). Mass armies
- Civilian deaths were not pronounced but not uncommon (Armenian
Genocide, Germans execute Belgians). Creates a new and terrifying
aspect of war
- War leaves legacies of hatred and creates a new style of warfare
- European civilization is re-examined in 1918, optimism has
disappeared after civilization has unleashed such bloodshed
- 1908- AustHung annexes Bosnia-Herz. F. Ferd travels to Bosnia to
observe military manoeuvres on June 28th (insulting, Serbia crushed by
Ottomans at Kosovo on same date)
- Black Hand- Bosnian Serb terrorist organization. Death oaths taken
upon initiation. Serbia dreams of a Pan Slav Balkans and is
expansionist in nature. Proceeds to aid and fund the Black Hand
- 2 assassination attempts (1st failed bombing, 2nd gunshot)
- Begins a local, Balkan conflict which escalates into war through
alliances
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Document Summary

Europe had been urbanized and industrialized since 1890. It had also been free of war from 1870-1914 (excluding colonial wars, wars on fringe of europe) 1914- europe is at the peak of its power. Empires of europe produce colonial rivalries and reckless foreign policies. Seeds for war seen before; morocco 1905, boer war 1900, balkan war. War sparked by the july crisis- 5 weeks (june 28- july 31) Diplomatic crisis begins with the assassination of archduke franz. Ferdinand (heir to habsburg empire) and ends with russian mobilization and declarations of war. War proved to be a war of annihilation. By 1918 europe is drastically different, redraws europe. War provides the first taste of mass industrialized death (mgs, aerial war, gas war). Civilian deaths were not pronounced but not uncommon (armenian. Creates a new and terrifying aspect of war. War leaves legacies of hatred and creates a new style of warfare.

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