- in 1830 came up with a proposal to relieve the gov of some of the expense of these people.
They said, we’ll pay your passage to the colony if you become a settler there. We’ll give you 4
years of the pension upfront to help you get established, but then we don’t pay you any longer.
Not all 85, 000 took this up, but something like 4, 000 opted for it. About 1500 of those settled in
UC. These were unusual settlers in UC because they were older men, in their 40s and 50s.
Unusual because they mostly had been poor people but they had cash in hands, which was like
30 pounds. They were in an unusual land, spent their money quick, and since they were disabled
they couldn’t work farms. Appealed to the gov, were like yo help me, but the gov was like no.
-Chelsea Pensioners became the first street people in Canada. They were pleading in the streets,
British gov still refused to intervene, said we had a deal, peace, we’re sticking to it.
- In addition, local government assisted immigration. Called Parish Assisted Immigration.
- was the parish’s responsibility to provide for the poor.
- gov began to say, rather than helping them out constantly. Lets pay for them to get out of here.
In the 1820s, significant numbers of parish’s subsidized the popper’s travel to the US. In the
1830s, BNA was the destination. Many ppl in Britain said it was unpatriotic sending them to the
US, ppl it he US said we don’t want these poppers being dumped on our shores.
- 20 000 people poppers immigrated to UC.
- viewed that British gov was dumping these people on the shores of Canada and then no longer
dealt with them. This immigration mainly happened in the 1830s, afterwards nat so much,
Local Government Assistance
- Parish- Assisted immigrants: ‘shovelling out paupers?’
Lord Egremont of Sussex, Engand
- concerned about the unemployed in their area, riots, people said they were going to starve
unless something was done.
- He came up with the idea to assist the people who were unemployed locally to fund their
immigration. It was called the Petworth Scheme. 1800 immigrants were assited through this plan
in the 1830s. these people were very well assisted, the ships that were provided for them were of
the best quality, clean conditions, Egremont wanted to be a great example for other land lords. In
1837 he died and his scheme fizzled. And again, it wasn’t widely adopted.
Emigration societies, people would go door to door asking for contributions to the society. They
were called subscriptions. Would also lobby the british government to support the society and
then the society would use the funds to assist emigrants who were worthy.
Eg. 1841; petition of the North Border Glasglow Emigration Society. It’s appeal was particularly
to assist 300 unemployed handloom weavers. Tried to persuade others about the legitimacy of
their appeal. Promise was these handloom weavers would also get a farm and assistance getting
settled on their land.