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Lecture 5

LEcture 5 notes


Department
History
Course Code
HIS312H1
Professor
Ian Radforth
Lecture
5

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HISTORY 312H1 F
OCTOBER 5TH 2010 LECTURES 5
Ireland- a land divided
Pre-famine Immigration, 1816-1845
Reasons for leaving: who? Existence of a push/ pull situation
Settlement: men , women and families
Institution: the loyal Orange badge ( Orange Order)
The Roman Catholic Church
Initially more Protestants than Catholics made significant impact
They werent all poor people, more middle class
They owned land/ small business that helped them immigrate
IRISH HISTORY
-existed tensions in the 18c
- Britain tried to impose an Anglo-Irish elite
- well connected Protestants
-give positions of power
- ran legal systems; were judges
-Church of Ireland
-dominant / Scotland & Irish
-Presbyterian
- Elite Irish group
- tensions that preexisted were then followed even into Canada
Pre-famine immigration 1816-1845
Important period- significant no of Irish came from Ireland to settle in Montreal and New
Brunswick
-were a founding group
- committed to their colonies, and stayed that way
- they werent the poorest of the poor
- they had something to sell that aided setting up businesses/ helped transportation
The poorest of the poor went to England
Largest group of immigrants were Protestant (Presbyterian) and Anglicans
They feared worse prospects; lives of their children
Ireland: linen production was declining
People relied on weaving to pay rents/bills
Because of looms, their prospects were decreasing
1820s till then Roman Catholics had no political rights
All rights went to the Protestant Ireland
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