Lecture 4: Assisted Immigration from Britain

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13 Jan 2011
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Lecture 4: Assisted Immigration from Britain
-a minority movement through various experiments
-small schemes, big consequences: “chain migration”
-systematic immigration and colonization”
-Colonial Secretary, Lord Bathursts military settlements
-Peter Robinsons settlers (Almonte and Peterborough)
-Chelsea Pensioners (disabled veterans as settlers)
-most ppl came on their own steam
-debates in Brit about whether or not to fund the immigration
-was the expense worth it?
-some said yes, had to colonize the immigrants
-others said no, they would fund their way anyway
-in the end the laissez-fair argument won out
-weirdly the small amount of assisted immigration better documented, then the larger self-directed
immigration
-as the gov’t, the press kept records and wrote
-wanted to buffer against the US
-wanted Little Britains abroad, with class systems
-would bring stability in the empire
-systematic colonization, from 1829 onwards Edward Gibbon Wakefield argued that crown land
everywhere in the globe, that the land only be sold at a high price
-so that only prosperous ppl would be able to farm, who would develop the land as they
had the means
-and so would create estates, and recreate the lords and peasant system of Britain
-sometimes worked in Australia, a relatively isolated place
-but didnt work in Canada, as ppl just went to the US for
cheaper land
-by Lord Bathurst, developed by the govt, just after the great wars
-land given away and subsided for small numbers of immigrants
-some were soldiers of wars, demobilized
-thought the officers would provide leadership
-happened in some extent in some areas
-Perth, Upper Canada (near Ottawa)
-though eventually became civilian settlements
-some civilians of Brit, small numbers
-Tipperary settlers, 1818, overseen by Richard Talbot; Richmond, Upper Canada; Lucan,
Upper Canada, near London, ON
-from Tipperary, Ireland
-only 44 families, subsidized by gentlemen, in well-off area
-were Protestants in a Catholic area, in mid-Ireland
-appealed to Brit govt, wanted better opportunities
-745 families followed, thru chain migration
-the Irish Catholics followed were encouraged as well, and
settled next door, great violence in Lucan
-Bruce Elliot, Irish Migrants in the Canadas
-Peter Robinson, lawyer from Upper Canada, took charge of Irish immigrants
-as Brit govt esp. wanted to defuse the Irish situation in 1823
-so asked to go to Ireland and encourage them to move
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Document Summary

Debates in brit about whether or not to fund the immigration. Some said yes, had to colonize the immigrants. Others said no, they would fund their way anyway. In the end the laissez-fair argument won out. Weirdly the small amount of assisted immigration better documented, then the larger self-directed immigration. As the gov"t, the press kept records and wrote. Systematic colonization, from 1829 onwards edward gibbon wakefield argued that crown land everywhere in the globe, that the land only be sold at a high price. So that only prosperous ppl would be able to farm, who would develop the land as they had the means. And so would create estates, and recreate the lords and peasant system of britain. Sometimes worked in australia, a relatively isolated place. But didn"t work in canada, as ppl just went to the us for cheaper land. By lord bathurst, developed by the gov"t, just after the great wars.

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