HIS109Y1 Lecture Notes - Moses Mendelssohn, Constitutionalism, Dreyfus Affair
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o Connections to:
Jews in nineteenth-century Germany
Jews in the anti-Semitic imagination
Russia: Pale of Permanent Jewish settlement
The Dreyfus Affair
the word "anti-Semitism" dates from 1879. Why is this significant?
implies a new, modern take on the hatred of Jews
they wanted to segregate Jews as a separate group, a different people
It's not a hatred of the religion but the person.
it was mainstream; there were even parties called the anti-Semitism party
formation of Mass-political movements
Semitism: Jewish presence in Europe
o something that we need to organize to combat
o not viewed as socially unacceptable; no hiding your opinion
"modern political anti-Semitism is different from any earlier, sporadic outbreaks of jew-bating." Why?
it wasn't a religious president against Jews.
Ethnic/racial anti-Semitism vs. religious Jew-hatred
attempts to dress up ethnic/racial hatred in a scientific way; Darwinism
Nationalists believe: these people, no matter how many generations how long their families
have been here, they can't really belong and they could be dangerous
Big Feet: from wandering around the desert. They can't compete with European intellect
because of that. ha, what?
if you told there's going to be a holocaust; a legally entrenched anti-Semitic social structure.
o they would have said it would happen in Russia or France
o It wouldn't happen in Germany because they were very patriotic to Germany
Jews in the late 19th century Germany
a period in various European states where Jews gained Legal equality;
o some argued for reforming Jewish religious practice. To make it look more normal in
the eyes of the majority
o some argued full integration is necessary.
anti-Semites said this could never happen because they always had Certain,
Some argued that Jews should be part of this multi-national empire
Jews in European very aware of French Revolution debates
Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786)
o argued for the emergence of a Christian-Jewish public Sphere
o Jerusalem (1783)
o attempted to argue with Christians on their own terms