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Socialism and Utopianism

Course Code
Kenneth Bartlett

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February 14, 2011
Radicalism and socialism
Francois Babeuf (1760-1797)
William Godwin (1756-1836)
Robert Owen (d. 1859)
Henri de Saint-Simon (d. 1825)
Charles Fourier (d. 1837)
-Elements that help defined the European civilization: radicals
-19th C of Europe are a bunch of “–ism’s
oWhat gave the rise to all the ism’s?
-Dominant movements: intellectual heritage of the enlighten movement and the consequences of the
industrial revolution
-The enlighten tradition
-Newton: the western mind saw two kinds of laws: absolute laws and positive law
-If the positive law is brought more into consonance with natural law, the positive laws would be
-Rousseau: argued much of the misery in society came from the ownership of property
-In the state of nature, no private property
-Ownership is a perversion of natural law
-Discourse on the origins of the inequality”
-According to Rousseau those who own property often legislate against the collective will
-Those laws enacted against natural law, are oppressive and should be undone
-Ownership: fuels uneven distribution of wealth in society
-The French Revolution did not address this because it was est by the middle class, who owned a lot of
private property
-The calls of the Revolution cause the peasant to revolt against the manor owners
-The removal of property of the Church assault on private property
-Radicalism: reconstruction of society from the start, dissolving of tradition
-Intellectual radicals wanted to fundamentally reconstruct the society
-Babeuf: society had to be completely egalitarian if it was to be natural
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