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Lecture

The Middle Class


Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett

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HIS 109 The Conditions of the PoorJanuary 26th
2011
Louis- August Blanqui (1805-1881)
Louis Blanc (1811-1882)
Tolpuddle Martyrs, 1834
Chartist Movement, 1836-42(W.Lovett)
Robert Owen (d. 1858)
- Diseases in the factories. Factory Fever disease that usually had to do with bacterial
born infection. Because they swept through factories they were known as factory fevers.
Once one person was sick with factory fever, it spread quite rapidly. The only way to
contain factory fever would be to quarantine those infected. The employers didnt want to
shut down the factories because losing a weeks production meant losing their markets.
Even the workers who suffered the most were willing to take a chance so they would be
paid.
- Low ceilings because it was cheaper and had few windows to allow natural light to come
through, no means of ventilization. No sanitary facilities at all. Workers were not allowed
to leave their machines. And since there were no sanitary facilities it did not matter that
they were not allowed to leave. Since there were children running around, they would
knock over the human waste which contributed to factory fever.
- The factories were filthy until people worked after factory hours to clean them up
- Blanqui was a terrorist in the 1830 40 50s
- The revolution of 1830 proved that revolution would always be in the interest and benefit
of the working class.
- Devoted his entire life to organizing revolution. This is now known as terrorist activities.
He spent most of his life in jail. He developed a vocabulary and method that the only
solution was violent.
- Not only victimized but they were put aside and a target of violence. The only way to get
attention was to hurt them
- Complete despair and anger that drove reason out of the discussion
- Had no alternative. Wanted to create havoc and chaos so that from this something would
arise.
- Others who were more reasonable.
- Louis Blanc very clever organizer and had a plan in place that he believed
would………….
- Workers of Paris revolted. The government in charge sent in the army to attack this
group. Many were killed from this group.
- Any new dispensation had to come from the working class themselves.
- Under the opinion society could not be fixed. This divergence of classes drove the groups
farther apart. There had to be ways of trying to bring them together. Trade union
movements, extending the franchise. These came out to try to bridge them together.
- The trade union
- Employers could nto be obstructed. This meant strikes were illegal. They could negotiate
but no strike. Even with the gradual allowance of strikes, meant that it was still difficult
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