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Lecture

World War One

7 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett

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European Civilization Lecture - World War One March 7, 2011
-greatest destroyer of life and civilization and the new Europe and the
dynasties that had controlled Europe for centuries- WW1
-WW1- war to end all wars
-century between congress of Vienna and ww1 was the most peaceful time in
European history
-This indicated that the state system established at the congress of Vienna
created a very stable organization and structure wehre progress could take
place and change could happen in a relatively peaceful way
-Everyone on the continent was walking blindly into that event (WW1)
-Immediate causes of WW1: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Franz Ferdinand:
-was assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914- this triggered WW1
-this assassination attacked Austro-Hungarian empire as a whole
-One of theories for him being shot: he married against wishes of his uncle
and his marriage was not recognized by the Hapsburgs
-Other: He wanted to turn the dual monarchy into a triple monarch by giving
the Slavs some rule.
-Gavrilo Princip shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand- it was orchestrated by the
Serbian secret police and the Serbian government
-Austrians gave ultimate to Serbs and Serbs accepted most of them but one.
-Russians saw themselves as the Slavic protectors
-French started to stir up the Russians. They said that the Russians could to
back down because it would weaken then Triple Entente (France, Britain,
Russia) For Russians to back down it would weaken the authority of the
Triple Entente against the Triple Alliance
-Germans were ambiguous. They felt that the Austrians had received enough
from Serbs and that the Austro-Hungarians were being overly zealous for
www.notesolution.com
pushing for that one point but they still said that they would support Austria-
Hungary if they went to war.
-Germany never believed that the war between Austria- Hungary and the
Serbians would involve Russia, France and Britain.
-Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia
-Europe had been preparing for a war like this for decades
-mobilization plans- railroads, mobilizing soldiers, etc.
-Russians were mobilizing soldiers and in preparation for an inevitable war.
-French were ambiguous. They said they would act in the most appropriate
way for France.
-3rd of August Germany declared war on France.
-Schleiffan Plan required highly mechanized warfare
-Quickest way to get to France was Belgium (neutral kingdom)
-German troops invaded Belgium in order to go into France
-As a result, Britain declared war on Germany because they entered into
Belgium which was a neutral country that Britain promised to protect.
-Italy waited to enter war and then ended up joining the Entente later on.
-Turkey, which had close alliance with Germany, entered on the side of the
Alliance.
-Japan entered on the side of the Entente hoping to get some of Germanys
colonies.
-Entente said it was a crusade against militarism (ex. Rape of Belgium).
-Alliance (Germans) said it was a war of Russian autocracy. (Darwinian
argument)
www.notesolution.com

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Description
European Civilization Lecture - World War One March 7, 2011 -greatest destroyer of life and civilization and the new Europe and the dynasties that had controlled Europe for centuries- WW1 -WW1- war to end all wars -century between congress of Vienna and ww1 was the most peaceful time in European history -This indicated that the state system established at the congress of Vienna created a very stable organization and structure wehre progress could take place and change could happen in a relatively peaceful way -Everyone on the continent was walking blindly into that event (WW1) -Immediate causes of WW1: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Franz Ferdinand: -was assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914- this triggered WW1 -this assassination attacked Austro-Hungarian empire as a whole -One of theories for him being shot: he married against wishes of his uncle and his marriage was not recognized by the Hapsburgs -Other: He wanted to turn the dual monarchy into a triple monarch by giving the Slavs some rule. -Gavrilo Princip shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand- it was orchestrated by the Serbian secret police and the Serbian government -Austrians gave ultimate to Serbs and Serbs accepted most of them but one. -Russians saw themselves as the Slavic protectors -French started to stir up the Russians. They said that the Russians could to back down because it would weaken then Triple Entente (France, Britain, Russia) For Russians to back down it would weaken the authority of the Triple Entente against the Triple Alliance -Germans were ambiguous. They felt that the Austrians had received enough from Serbs and that the Austro-Hungarians were being overly zealous for www.notesolution.com
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