Newfoundland and the Maritimes

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Newfoundland, the Northwest and the North to the mid 19th century
Major themes:
1. Newfoundland
a. Similar yet different
2. The northwest and the north
a. Economic imperialism and cultural change
Newfoundland:
x Similar to the other in two ways
(1) Staple economy; cod fishery
(2) A demand for greater democratizations
x Different: there was an attempt by the British authorities (namely fish merchants) to
stunt the growth of the development of NFLD
x The region had been exploited early for the purpose of the cod fish, referred to as the
^๎€๎€ž๎€ž(๎€ƒ}(๎€ƒ๎‚šZ๎€ž๎€ƒ๎‚๎€ž๎€‚_๎€ƒ
x 1610: England establishes itself as the imperial power in the region
x The English merchants present sought to discourage further settlement and colonization
o More people in the area would compromise their monopoly over the cod
fisheries
x ๎€„(๎‚š๎€ž๎‚Œ๎€ƒรญรฒรญรฌ๎€ƒE&>๎€˜๎€ƒ๎€žร†]๎‚๎‚š๎‚๎€ƒ๎€‚๎‚๎€ƒ๎€‚๎€ƒ^๎‚ยต๎€-๎€}o}vร‡_
x ๎€‘ร‡๎€ƒ๎‚šZ๎€ž๎€ƒu]๎€š๎€ƒรญรฒรฌรฌ[๎‚๎€ƒ๎‚šZ๎€ž๎‚Œ๎€ž๎€ƒ๎€‚๎‚Œ๎€ž๎€ƒ๎€‚๎‚‰๎‚‰๎‚Œ}ร†]u๎€‚๎‚š๎€žoร‡๎€ƒรฑรฌรฌ๎€ƒ๎‚Œ๎€ž๎‚]๎€š๎€žv๎‚š๎‚๎€ƒo]ร€]vP๎€ƒ]v๎€ƒ๎‚šZ๎€ž๎€ƒ๎€}o}vร‡
o There were visitors, but only 500 stayed year around (including the winter)
x After some time tensions arose among British officials
o One side suggested discouraging colonization be continued
o Others wished to assert some sovereignty over the area
๎‚ƒ This was due to the fact that there were other European powers active in
the region; solidly English control
x In late 17th century the British recognize NFLD as a colony
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as the other colonies
o The population steadily expands
๎‚ƒ 1730: 2300
๎‚ƒ 1800: 20 000
๎‚ƒ dZ๎€ž๎€ƒ๎€š}u]v๎€‚v๎‚š๎€ƒยต๎‚Œ๎€๎€‚v๎€ƒ๎€๎€žv๎‚š๎‚Œ๎€ž๎€ƒ]๎‚๎€ƒ^๎‚šX๎€ƒ:}Zv[๎‚
x The affairs of government/administration are carried out by fishing admirals
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