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17 Jan 2011
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HIS263 Sept 21
Narratives of Encounters: Early Aboriginal-European Interactions
New way of interpreting history has emerged in the past 15 years
Shift away from thinking of nation state as the fundamental unit of analysis
More attention paid to Atlantic ocean
Takes into account all continents that touch the Atlantic ocean
Atlantic as a highway rather than a barrier
Networks of trade, commercial activity, immigration, disease, ideas
The Atlantic World
Early modern period focus circa 1500 1800
1500: early exploration by Europeans
2 themes Viking age, European explorations
crucial voyages Jacques Cartier
staking Frances claim on sovereignty
9th 12th Century: Scandinavians worlds principal skills on the seas as well as
fearsome capacity for waging war
1000 A.D. Leif Eriksson
explores south of Greenland
arrives at an attractive location
mild climate, rich array of plant life, and various species of berries
called it Vinland land of wines
North-eastern tip of modern-day Newfoundland
1960 archaeologist found evidence of an old Norse settlement
over 500 years, the Norse made frequent voyages to Newfoundland for timbre
it was used as fuel, building material, and they interacted with the aboriginal
likely either the Beothuk group or Mikmaq group
During the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries, Norse presence began to decline
Temporary cooling of Earths temperature
Made it difficult for agriculture
1450 Norse voyages to Vinland ended
during early modern era, Spain, Portugal, England and France became primary
powers on international waters
became the primary explorers
Factors for exploration
Competition
To out-do the other rivals
Commerce
Trade
Widely believed that by travelling west, they could find the Indies spices, salts,
silks, etc.
Christianity
Urge to convert and spread Christian ideas
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Document Summary

New way of interpreting history has emerged in the past 15 years. Shift away from thinking of nation state as the fundamental unit of analysis. Takes into account all continents that touch the atlantic ocean. Atlantic as a highway rather than a barrier. Networks of trade, commercial activity, immigration, disease, ideas. Early modern period focus circa 1500 1800. 2 themes viking age, european explorations crucial voyages jacques cartier staking france"s claim on sovereignty. 9th 12th century: scandinavians world"s principal skills on the seas as well as fearsome capacity for waging war. 1000 a. d. leif eriksson explores south of greenland arrives at an attractive location mild climate, r ich array of plant life, and various species of berries called it vinland land of wines. During the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries, norse presence began to decline. 1450 norse voyages to vinland ended during early modern era, spain, portugal, england and france became primary powers on international waters became the primary explorers.

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