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Lecture

October 5th 2010

by OC7

Department
History
Course Code
HIS344Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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October 5th
Decolonization Part I
- rise of bipolar world citizen
- 19th century and first half 20th century, primarily France and Britain lost significant influence
and both states had to secure the support of the United States
- the impact of the American programs were meant to support Western Europe, both economic
and political revitalization of Western Europe in the shape of Truman doctrine and the Marshall
Plan
- Marshall Aid t sinister plan, there was also a condition that the states had to purchase
American consumer goods and their resources, fuels, etc. from America.
- an attempt to take over the world in economic terms
- the Soviet Union implemented its own plan t Stalinization, eliminating any opposing
regimes
- The two imperial powers throughout the 19th century and first half of the 20th century: British
and the French empire
- immediate consequence: decolonization t total collapse of their colonial power
- decolonization: it was Britain and France who initiated fragmentation of power
- total misleading statement
- no point after WII did they complement the fate and justice of their empire was unfair
- they were compelled to do so
- they had no desire and tried to hold on to their empire even after it was proven
impossible for them due to lack military or economic or combination both
- the political and economic consequences of the war was what compelled the two states to
give up their empires
- calling the world to join the Grand Alliance to fight Nazi Germany and Fascist Japan
- August 1941: all over the world, empires or colonial powers could not fight other empires and
hold onto their own one at the same time
- social and economic exploitation made it impossible for Britain and France to continue
their policy
- call for British people at home by Chamberlain and Churchill was asking for tremendous
sacrifices
- even before WWII, Germans were living better off
- even after WII, only a small % own their resources in England
- 1942: unless the social structure of Britain changed, it would not be able to exist as a primary
state/world power
- in addition to offering social welfare, also seeking housing for the power, were offered
between 1945 and 1947, introduced by the new Labour Party
- support by US
- both Britain and France were unwilling to give up their empire
- British:
- India: 1888, already sought independence from Britain and establish an independent
India. Its party was inclusive, every citizen of India could become member of the
Congress Party. Gandhi: did not advocate military resistance but through
passive/peaceful means. Nehru: was Western educated so would have acted upon
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