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Lecture 6

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Robert Bothwell

LECTURE 6 – SEPTEMBER 26 2012 - 14 of the 18 have a governer appointed by great britin and an assembly and in between a council that advised a governmer - the governers of the provinces with the assemblies are a combination of head of the government of the province and in this sense they are now justthe kings and also imperial officals and subordinate to a member of cabinet in London and in this sense they are imperial civil servents - the connection between the province and the government in London is the governer - under the governer tere Is a small civil service with variaous custom officials - the military is not under provincial authority it is under imperial authority - Britain had a great presence in the Americas, and the british government is evolving in this period; there is a first minister still not a prime minister and the there is a first lord of the treasury in the place of the king however the king is still a important figure - George III actively intervined in government but he is not an absolute monarch and if it really comes to it the king can be forced to accept a government he does not like - To complete the 18 provinces there is east and west florida - Within the terms of the treaty of paris… - The big problem with qubec was that the population was divided between French speacking and catholic, French speaking and protestant and finally English speaking new arrivals - Catholics were excluded from the military and could not vote however most of these things would end uo changing - MINORCA – one of the islands captured in 1718 by Britain and is the precedent of qubec in terms of organization - Qubec can not be run unless you involved the French speaking catholic population - Murray and Guy Carlton were governers of quebec strongly suggested to the british government to allow the catholics to hold positions of responsibility they were not suggesting that quebec get an assembley o They wanted quebec to be structured differently - Great Britain was the most powerful protestant country and this is why the governers suggestions caused a nervous reaction to giing catholics civil rights - King George and the cabinet and the british lords in Ireland were all worried about this situation, it takes aroud 5 years for the british to put forward the quebec act of 1774 – it was not self evident in a political or philosophical perspective, it is a brave piece oflegislation - Quebec act of 1774 o It gives some rights to catholics o Makes british political nightmares come true o Establishes a government without an assembley - The inhabitants of the colonies to the south would describe themselves as both british and American and the british political culture was very strongly influencing American culture - The amrican revolution that is to come has its origins in two particular colonies o Maschattutes o Virgina - Both these provinces have political desent that begin to occur very early on - Fundamental princibles have to do with the nature of the british government, which has a king and an executive which is gradually coming to represent government, parliament has two cabinets o House of lords o Wealth and status of the lords - The elected house of commons from Scotland and England, the distribution of seats had last been revised in the 16 century and it no longer represented the bulk of the british population - The right to vote was very restricted - Even in the late 18 century there are voices being raised saying the house of commons is unrepresented – for two million inhabitants of north American govern by that parliament but has no represtnation in it - The colonies were simply not there , there was no constituency represented in boston maschatussetes - “No taxation without representation” – if you want to tax us invite us to your parliament and if you do not want to invite us then do not tax us - the best two known taxes; o stamp act  a stamp on any legal document (wills, newspapers, anything for lawuers) this affected a lot of people and was therefore not an obscure piece of information , they were printed in north britian and were shipped to colonies  they were thought to be a good idea because they created jobs “stamp act collectors”  right at the beginning there is no real resistance, there is acceptance (think of the acceptance of new jobs) however , esp
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