Class 5 Oct 9 Korea
1. According to myth,
“a royal refugee from the fall of the Shang founded the state of the Chosen( an old name for Korea).
That too seems improbable, though more plausible, and in any case fits with the transfer of much of
Shang culture and technology to Korea during the first millennium BCE.
~SHIJI by Sima Qian: mentions a state of Chosen.(190 B.C.E)
2.Conquer of Korea by Han dynasty:
108 BCE: Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty conquered Chosen.
3. Three Kingdoms Period(57BC688BC):
*With the collapse of Chinese rule, 3 kingdoms of indigenous Koreas develop.
~ Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla.
*With the collapse of the Han Dynasty, Chinese refugees flee to Korea.
*Each of the 3 kingdoms seek contact with China to increase competitive advantage.
~In the course of the 4 century, Goguryeo expanded to control roughly the same northern twothirds
of the Korea peninsula that the Chinese had annexed to their empire.
~Goguryeo maintains tributary relations with northern Chinese states.
#sets up university to teach Confucian classics.
#adopts Chinesestyle code of law.
~Paekche establishes tributary relations by sea with the Eastern Jin.
#sends embassy to China.
~Since Silla is more isolated from China, it is less advanced than the other 2 kingdoms.
Nevertheless, slowly adopts Chinese bureaucratic system.
* Goguryeo Dominance.(399493)
4. Silla Period(668935)
*Silla becomes a tributary state of Tang China ~Annual tributary missions to Tang China
~Silla borrows Chinese political institutions and Chinese
#Silla uses Tang as it model
#Korean students and monks go to China to study.
6.In 788 all official posts were filled through examinations in the Confucian classics, but in keeping with
the Korean tradition of hereditary privilege, candidates were limited to the aristocracy.
7.Reinforcing the social hierarchy.
8. The status of Women.
9. Decline and Fall of Silla
*royal clan breaks up into contending units
*”Bone ranks” no longer provides social cohesion.
*borrowed Chinese institutions not based on merit.