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The birth of IR

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University of Toronto St. George
Vasilis Dimitriadis

Wednesday, May 18, 2011 HIS103Y1 Prof. V. Dimitriadis Lecture 2: The Birth of International Relations Last class: major last picture survival to remain in existence actions to ensure survival: negotiation, diplomacy, last resource war but risky best result always achieved when there were international institutions in place Today: look at International Relations from the start peace of Westphalia Peace of Westphalia the moment modern international relations began huge event because it symbolized the beginning of a new era the principles established then are still the same we follow to(ay exactly the same rules and patterns) we will still practice them in the future: there is no better way to ensure survival of the world of principles every major war be concluded by a major peace treaty exceptions: truce - when there is no peace treaty signed (Korea); WWII was the only other time there was no treaty signed try to eliminate all outstanding territorial issues negotiations to be used settlements agreed upon at some points have lasted ~160 years Why did we have such a crucial peace treaty to begin with? the war that proceeded it: The Thirty Years War much more disruptive than WWII (to some historians) wiped out over 30% of the population of Europe or 5 million a conflict of that magnitude would not happen again merely in the name of self-interest: no state could go through 30% population loss What made it so bloody? It began with the church October 1517 Martin Luther nailed 95 thesis to the church door (that days CNN) criticized selling of indulgences a.k.a. document you can buy from the church that guarantees your entry into heaven regardless of your wrong doings
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