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HIS103Y1 (431)
Lecture 3

May 25th Lecture 3- Summer

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Vasilis Dimitriadis

Lecture # 3- The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV and the Origins of the Dutch War - PeaceTreaty tried to settle the issue and make sure no similar issue would occur and the peacetreaty also tried to settle religious issues > Catholics and Protestants eventually what emerged from the Peaceof Westphalia was the secularization of international relations > the pope and the church could no longer dictate which way the international relations would go > the pope lost the great deal of power > also the holy roman emperor lost power (the Habsburg Prince) - Spain and Austria stayed spate and France emerged as the most powerful state the lead France to become the most powerful and dominant state with Cardinal Richelieu (he was Catholic and France is a Catholic state) siding with the Protestants and maintaining national interest dictated that this was for the Protestant cause and helped them to victory - Given the relations between France and Spain, the Treaty of Pyrenees > the Spanish agreed to marry Louis XIV to the young Maria Teresa pretty much to get the French off their back when Philip the king of Spain died, Louis XIV went after his rightful inheritance - What emerged after were some territories began the War of Devolution France had a large standing army not much of a territorial gain and he couldnt squeeze more out of the declining Spaniards during the war of devolution, all of Louis XIV his allies turned against him, Sweden, England and the Dutch republic in January 1668 forming the triple alliance this antagonized him he immediately agreed to the peaceterms proposed by the triple alliance and signed the PeaceTreaty of Allachapple in April 1668 after he had on goal, to avenge the Dutch humiliation The Dutch dictated no less than 5 kings and they were the most attractive state - He wanted to avenge the Dutch humiliation and wanted to destroy them In addition to his personal humiliation and his prestige, the economic rational attracted him > his finance minister found out that the Dutch also had a very serious influence in economic activities in Europe > they were the most important and financial and stable state at the time > in terms of European trade, most of it were in Dutch hands > the stock exchange in Amsterdam (The Bank of Amsterdam) was very influential and they became the most financial center of Europe Louis XIV wanted France wanted to be the most influential state in the world everyone always went through the Dutch which is irony because the Dutch were a very small colony run by merchants and people travelled via Dutch shipping
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