Wednesday September, 12 . 2012
Lecture #2. Professor Smyth
State Craft and Strategy
Otziman: The “iceman”-500,300 years old. Discovered just outside Italy-on a shelf rock due to
global warming. Investigation reported that he was the oldest human remains found. Initially
kept in ice. On November 20 foil autopsy was done to how he died and lived. It was assumed
that he was a lonely huntsman. However, through the autopsy the repost came to be a lie and that
he actually perished quite violently. Cause of death was an arrow to the shoulder, arm, and head.
Report showcased blood decay – defensive stance-scars- died in some sort of fight. He was truly
represented as the oldest human remains being found. Assumed to be 15-50 years old, which was
pretty old back then. Absolute cause of death was conflict.
20 century; wars and conflicts- 75 percent died in the pre-historic era and 2 percent in the 20 th
century. Something obviously happened between those times. What could the absolute main
cause of this massive reduction be? Sovereignty of the state.
Sooner or later every section of humanity will have the sovereign state; it is the single
explanation of the huge reduction
At the end of the day populations will come together for a government to form a single
state. These states managed to govern themselves because they satisfied and catered to
the human needs. Basic needs include; food (substance), shelter, security. (the three s’)
The needs of the people in all time were the qualities the states aimed to provide.
Diplomatic structure, strategic security, personal security were major factors but the
absolute most important was Physical Survival. It was most essential for both personal
and state level. You cannot enjoy life without it. There is no life without it. That’s what
the sovereign states worked for.
In return of their favor the states demanded absolute obedience from their citizens. So in
return for physical security they have in obedience
Beyond that as their primary goal, the function of the state was to reserve the collective
security of its subjects (citizens). If it fails to provide security they will withdraw.
Example; world war – they were not doing their jobs hence they failed their people
Fundamental factor of the state; collective security/ defense. This challenge has not
gotten easier through the years but instead much more challenging. Until the 20 century
it was imposed that there was 2 dimensional factors of war; land was sea. Until however,
the 20 century came along it became land, sea, and sky. 3 dimensional factors means
that now it is harder in protecting national security