HIS103Y Lecture 46 April 2nd.
Total War and Total Victory
Three fold lecture:
- Controversial deal – Western leaders given up Eastern Europe from Soviet
Union at Yalta (another appeasement)
o Non-European State (Russia) dominated the International system for
the first time.
o Another controversial deal btw Churchill and Stalin 1944
o Churchill saw the need of balance of power
o Britain was not the dominant international power anymore.
o Offered Stalin a division of the Balkans to at least retain British
influence at the Balkans.
Greece (B9: 1S), Yugoslavia (B5: 5S), Hungary (B5: 5S),
Romania (B1: 9S)
Stalin kept the promise: even though there was a communist
uprising in Greece, he let it lose by the British.
- Importance of Intelligence
Every single political decision depended on information
brought by the intelligence.
What is Intelligence?
Acquisition of information by all means
Not just spies.
Analyze and interpret all the information that gathered.
Disseminate the information properly
If not, your country would be doomed.
Sending Human intelligence, intercepting enemies’
communication, misleading enemies (deception)
In the war, ‘force’ and ‘fraud’ are the most important
How intelligence shaped the outcome of the war?
British had to get all war material and food from the
United States. Needed 36 million tons for a year.
o Submarine warfare.
o Hitler wanted to defeat Britain as soon as
possible before U.S. intervenes. Used submarine
to defeat Britain.