Class Notes (835,638)
Canada (509,305)
History (3,264)
HIS103Y1 (431)
Denis Smyth (169)
Lecture

Louis XIV, William III, Dutch War, Nine Years War

3 Pages
118 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS103Y1
Professor
Denis Smyth
Semester
Fall

Description
1) Louis XIV, William III, Dutch War, Nine Years War On Strategy and Statecraft September 11 • 20 century- massive reduction in violence • basic needs of human beings: ◦ substance, (economic) shelter (cultural), society(diplomatic), security (strategic) ◦ most important- physical survival security (national or personal) need laws • challenge of depending collective security hasn't become easier ◦ until 20 ce- challenge 2D overseas/land- after 1900s 3D- aircraft and later Internet- 4D • purpose of state- defend and promote interests of physical protection • How to achieve order/stability ◦ international relations- state gentleman among thieves- negotiations are continued struggles ◦ national tendency- expansion (naturally selfish/aggressive) ◦ powers realize existence of other states necessary as condition of own survival The Legacy of the thirty years war and the peace of Westphalia September 17 • treaties of Munster and Osnabruck, and Pyreness- 1 step towards international relations ◦ ended 30 years war (one of most vicious) -collectively peace of Westphalia ◦ first in establishment of permanent embassies - dialogue between nations ◦ post-war conferences with all powers (winners or losers)- respect of states ▪ Catholic and Protestant groups held different conferences -Munster and Osnabruck ◦ most important- agreed territorial settlement- legitimate European borders even in 1789 state as the unchallenged guarantor of domestic order and legitimizer of external war” • 30 Years War- civil war within German political system ◦ secularized international relations- removed religious conflict as source of conflict ◦ Holy Roman Empire- 20 separate states, medium sized states wanted-sovereignty ◦ Austria- largest German empire- hoped to create one unified empire out of German states ▪ political self interest and religious self conviction(Protestant)- spread to whole continent ◦ Sweden joined war -Catholics winning- feared CatholicAustria gaining too much power • France Catholic but fought with Protestant power because fearedAustria ◦ battle of Rocroi- French army- smashed Spanish military -France now dominant power • Raison d'etat- interests of state constitutes the soul determinant of the legitimacy of its policy The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV and the Origins of the Dutch War September 19 • 2 important Outcomes of the Peace of Westphalia ◦ defeat of Hapsburg threat- possibility of non-imperial order appearing in Europe ◦ development of a working international system by pushing to periphery issue of religion • obvious problems after Peace of Westphalia -Catholic power of France- most dangerous threat • 1661-French powerful force- size of population- the more can tax- larger military ◦ size of army= peacetime-army- 100 000 at height of war- 400 000 ◦ “king's ambassadors must make it known that the king is never content with equality but should have preeminence over things and is in effect in possession of it already”- Louis • war with Dutch- in pursuit of la gloire-(reputation, glory, power) ◦ “reputation is more effective than the most powerful army” -Louis ◦ Louis- no system plan of Europe but view of international relations wasn't balance of power • July 1672 as French army strolling in to Dutch Republic (United Provinces of the Netherlands) • Social Imperialism-unite people through foreign wars- take care of rebellions at home ◦ Motive of revenge-1667-8- to conquer Spanish Netherlands • France wanted buffer- forced back because former ally (Dutch) was against France ◦ Luovois- French Secretary of state for War“only way to conquer the Spanish Netherlands is to humble the Dutch and if possible to destroy them” ◦ economic controversy growing between French and Dutch, tariff war ▪ Dutch- most important maritime power- greater than England ▪ fixed quantity of trade in world and Dutch had large share- only way to steal The course and Conclusion of the Dutch War 1672-1679 September 24 • Why French directed attack at Dutch?- Strategic grounds ◦ as 30 years war show Spanish Netherlands natural highway for foreign armies into France ◦ England, Sweden, Dutch joined to back France away from Spanish Netherlands • Louis needed alliances England- Charles II ▪ 1640s -troubles over constitution- Charles wanted power from House of Commons ▪ financially insufficient- needed subsidies from France- lent army and navy to France ▪ Treaty of Dover- June 1670- unpopular alliance that England actually lost out in ◦ Louis frustrated in finding other allies ▪ 2 other German states- Cologne and Munster- geopolitically very strategic ◦ Sweden- promised neutrality to Louis- Louis thought it was enough • Dutch reacted with vigour ◦ Netherlands mostly below seal level- seal walls- opened sea walls to protectAmsterdam • 1672- 22 year old William III of Orange became Dutch leader (Stadholder) ◦ military leader-controlled all military activity but not great commander-no match for France ◦ great diplomat- persuaded other countries fate of Republic crucial for survival of Europe ▪ converted Spain,Austria, Sweden, and Branden
More Less

Related notes for HIS103Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit