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10 War of Austrian Succession.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Vasilis Dimitriadis

Alliances - 1716 Dutch and Britain - border/fortresses along Low Countries Quadruple Alliance – p.115 Complete the work of Peace of Utrecht and of Triple Alliance (1717) Austria and Spain did not agree to Utrecht Austria joined QA – Britain, France, Spain HRE = 3 kingdoms Austrian-Habsburg Saxony Brandenburg-Prussia Italy - Utrecht gave territories to Sovoy to sustain balance of power There were 2 claims to the Austrian throne Bavaria and Saxony - long shot to the throne 2nd ranked states = no major international crisis Theresa had sympathy of all great powers  pity = diplomatic support 16th Dec 1740 - Prussia - 2nd ranked state - SURPRISE attack – Silesia (northern province of Austria) Initiated War of Austrian Succession Prussia just recently gained the title of a kingdom - wanted to preserve state and build powerful army Start conflict and challenge the status quo and Germanic land and major powers - Europe CRISIS Prussia never matched Austria in diplomacy and military Challenge the leader of the HRE/Habsburg. = inconceivable Uncle = Charles VI – Saved him from death beatings by father Expected to undo the work of his father 80k soldiers/2.5 million people...larger army than France (proportion) Prussia was a joke – An army with a state Fred - Scattered territories – Needed expansion for lack of stability and fear of being attacked “If we can do it by honesty, do it, if we can do it by cheating, do it” No virtue and regard for balance of power Assessed the international situation Window of opportunity for Prussia If we don’t act we will never be able to break out from territorial confinement Opportunity for Frederick to challenge Austrian throne Austria on the ropes financially - no money = no army Russia – Tsaritsa Anna died – No leader/foreign policy - Ivan VI (pro-Austrian) = minor p.162 Britain vs. France NA – Both want alliance with Prussia Britai
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