HIS 103 Tutorial Questions
The ‘Eastern Question’ and the Crimean War
1. What impact did the revolutions of 1830 (France, Belgium, Poland)
have on the European state system?
2. Why was the treaty of Unkiar Skelessi significant?
Signed between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in 1833
Turkey would pay Russia annually
promise of mutual assistance should either be attacked by a foreign power
a defensive treaty
A secret article exempted Ottoman from sending military forces; instead,
they were to close the Dardanelles to all non-Russian ships--possibly
an offensive treaty
Britain and France were suspicious
fearing that Ottoman had given Russia freedom of action to
send warships through the Dardanelles.
3. Why did France align itself with Mehemet Ali?
The Great Powers having reached a compromise to end the revolt of Mehmet Ali, the Eastern
Question lay dormant for approximately a decade until revived by the Revolutions of 1848. Though
Russia could have seized the opportunity to attack the Ottoman Empire—France and Austria were
at the time occupied by their own insurrections—she chose not to do so. The Emperor Nicholas
instead committed his troops to the defence of Austria, deeming that the goodwill established in the