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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

Northern Humanism

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
HIS109 Oct. 13, 2010 Northern Humanism How the Italian Renaissance gave rise to social and economic change How Humanism crossed the Alps in Northern Europe with different consequences Italian Humanism allowed for the definition of new social groups Italian towns had continuous habitation; education was secular, needs of society based on what was necessary to govern Cities north of the Alps continued to exist and fulfill needs, however were less sophisticated than Italian cities and towns Fundamental differences: ideas that were developing in the Italian Renaissance were sympathetic towards those in the north Secular culture not common following the collapse of the Roman Empire, education still based in religion, priests educated Divergence of culture in the North Coalesced under feudalism; culture of the north was dominated by religious ideas, frame of reference Universities, etc., ecclesiastical Connection btw Italy and Northern Europe – 1494: French invasion brought on the period of Italian wars; Italy became the battlefield of Europe Thousands of Europeans were being educated in Italy Ideas that were developed in Italy spread to the North when soldiers went back Growing interest in new ideas and new social class Mercantile elite became increasingly wealthy and influential Powers of Europe (especially those on Atlantic seacoast) looked for different ways in which to reach the East Mid 15 century – cities of northern Europe wanted to break the monopolies in Italian cities by reaching the East rather than going through the Mediterranean Byzantine fell to the Turks - loss of the Mediterranean to Christianity and growing Islamic influence meant it was more dangerous and expensive, wanted to also avoid Italian monopolies Sent voyages to coast of Africa (Vasco de Gama) No one knew that Africa had an end; Portuguese discover you could sail around Africa to reach the East – access to riches of the East Allowed Europeans to go to East w/o going through the Mediterranean Discovery of North and South America ended what had made Italians rich – new economies, riches www.notesolution.com Psychological effects of the discovery of the new world: knocked everything out of their assumptions, everything they thought was true proved to be lacking in information Renaissance mind based on scripture (shocked that the Bible didn’t tell of these other places, revolutionary to the mind of Europe) What to do with these people in North and South America? Classics were guides to secular life World extension of human agency From a 15 century perspective – nothing in ancient literature that gave clues to the existence of these places Basic assumptions in regards to organization of the world were all gone, what else didn’t the ancients know? What else was human ingenuity able to accomplish? (Columbus and de Gama’s
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