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HIS109Y1 (536)


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Kenneth Bartlett

Nationalism 30/01/2013 3:21:15 PM Johann Gotliebb Fichte (1762-1814) - Response to napoleon conquest of the German states - Addresses to the German Nation (1808) - Nationalism and anti-Semitism o Give Jews rights is to make them become not Jews (not reverts though, doesn’t count) Anst Moritz Arndt (1769-1860) - Everyone should become a German to be united as one, but the Jews could never do that - French were refined Jews – hated them Connections to a modern Semitism – all about peoplehood, ethnicity and ancestry What does liberalism have to do with nationalism? - Both preached the same doctrine 1 half of 19 century - Works with liberalism o Check on arbitrary power of monarchs o Rights to codify constitution o Government responsible to people who were sovereign  Liberalism was a twin threat to loyalty to dynasty rather than people being sovereign an determining how they’d be governed  Ex. Revolt in Belgium – nationalist dissatisfaction of dynastic rule nd th 2 half of 19 century - 1848 Revolutions o French second republic (1848-1852)  Louis Phillip was at first liberal but then he nd his government rejected liberalist stands  Revolters see their opportunity  George Washington’s b-day banquet, government tries to calm down people, brawl breaks out – people turn against their own government  Take advantage of widespread revolt to make second republic  Didn’t last long  Interest of middle class liberals and radicands values started to become different Nationalism 30/01/2013 3:21:15 PM o Vienna: students, middle-class reformers, workers  Drive Metternich out of Vienna o Prague: Pan-Slavic Congress (1848)  Group of representatives of different Slavic peoples o Prussia: Frederick William IV (1840-1861) o Frankfurt Parliament  Movement in Germany to unite all Germans (Germans in Austria, Prussia, Bovary, Saxony) under liberal principles  The Germans in Austria and Russia weren’t part of it as they wanted to be identifiable – speaking the same language  No elections – constitutional Monarchy – crown to one of German rulers who’d be great as a liberal leader  King of Prussia was going to do it, didn’t want to accept the crown from the poelpe “bellow” him  “Kindling a war against monarchy, against legitimate rulers” – Prussian King  Crushed and dispersed the Frankfurt Parliament - Unification of Germany o Unified all German states except .. o Not done accordance with liberal nationalism Italian Unification - Carbonari - Lieral and nationalist revolt of 1831 - Giuseppe Mazzini – romantic nationalist - Count Camillo di c
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