European Civ. History
o End of roman empire represented end of all roman beings, things, representations.
o World became local – focused on peoples needs
o Trade ended (no means to support it) cities began to decline.
o Rome began to vanish
You needed to provide for yourself, network, and make ties
Need for security became a necessity. Brute force, or attaching yourself to
someone for a fee who could provide thus
o Client patron relationship.
These people were given help and in return they were organized into a private
army of sorts.
As cities declined safety became rural.
Countryside was secure; brought clients with them.
Cities were consumers not producers.
Foundations of feudalism
Willing to fight and support the more powerful person in order to attain food,
o Tribal chiefton
Given to the toughest, brutalist warriors
Thugs – chosen retainers; group of people who were always around to do the
bidding of the (comez)
Began to settle down and end the nomadic ways.
System built up beginning of 9 cent. Need for protect. Created system of
personal ties – owed everything to higher standing peoples.
o No gov. ran by the powerful upper standing peoples.
o Personal and Private power and intentions
o Increasing connection to military
o System began
Technological change – changed the face of soc. Eco. Pol.
o Stir ups. Was the advance.
It was an advantage in military and gave the upper hand. Created by barbarians
Began training from childhood to fight on horseback. Very difficult.
Growing recognition for the “thugs”
Had a relationship of trust and commitment for the men and the master. Became Chivalries (Knights).
Extreme. Expen. Investment.
Foot soldiers were mowed down