His109 tutorial January 29 . th
By looking at _______ we can see, which most people don’t see_____ this is important
Were meeting at electronic classroom at fourth floor next week at robarts.
You ened a research topic by next week, go to assignment section in black board these are
instruction sheets that show you how to do research assignments, section hear says
warning, begin researching right away, everyone beginning writing on nazi Germany how
many books will be left.
The what, why, thesis a what why explain the what
Conservatism, liberalism and socialism, the three ism’s
Conservatives rights, liberals can lead complete to right, socialism to left,
We have nationalism, the text talks about another one that is between liberalism and
socialism, and that’s republicanism, and radicalism.
Who’s conservatives what social groups, aristocrats, peasants
Liberals middle class
Socialists working classes
Again very schemetic.
A republican in 19 c, youthink of france , a republicanism starts off in 1789 been on left
19 hundred there on the right
Radicalism has many different names, could be radical tories, just radicals, French
radicals, again start on left then go to right
First question on hand out sheet, first key things to liberalism is equality for all men,
First ideals of French revolution, liberty, equality, fraternity.
First liberalism calls for equality for the law, all about rank and heredity the conservatives
Liberals are all about equality before the law, as well government need to be by consent
For conservatives its government by decries.
Third liberals,economics believe individuals should be free in economics, mean free
In 19 century liberal says free trade is not just a economic doctrine, it’s a moral doctrine,
there all about individualsism, tahts there key hallmark, the best way to express
individuality for adam smith for example is to truck, barter and trade, can sell thigns in
market can exchange things in market, can sell labour in market, your individual labour
in market., buy sell to whom eer, not just a economic argument, shows you’re an
individual that’s mature., one says children, etc cant do it, depends what kind of liberal
your talking about, to be a mature individual now you got to truck barter and trade. Nationalism, historians like to pin point one moment that discusses a new modern
take on nationalism or what it takes to be a nation, and that is the French
You’ll see what is called the long 19 century, and the saying that’s the short 20
c. th th
19 c ends at the end of 1914, short 20 c is 1914 to 1981 to 1990 at the end of
the cold war., the end of communism.
After 1914 have communism fascism etc all having political power, liberalism
and democracy on death bed in 1930’s.
Nationalism begins in 1789 in new ways, something’s French do that are
nationalistic, constitution with people been equal open up political spectrum.
The lebi on mas was a key moment part of republican ideology told all farmers
drop plows etc go fight, machivelli talks aobut this should you have professional
family or have every citizen be able to be a soldier, you’re a Frenchman now your
duty is to protect france, very nationalist momeny in 1792, im in Germany im in
west Germany I speak wester Germany im in westerphalia 1806, im german I
speak german now im Westphalia,
What makes a nation language and culture in 1792 became more powerful as a
nation state organized that the levi de nas or what ever.
Nation state big term, Louis said I am state, you can talk about nation, only now
from French revolution with the hyphon we can start talking about nation states
the levi de mas, all that centralized by napoleon France true modern nation state.
Were germans we live in rhine land not Germany, we speak common language if
we can unify and have a more powerful state we can defeat france, german
nationalism starts to gain momentum, in 1848 often referred to as the spring times
of the people, because every European country had a revolution for except
England, more demanding universal suffering etc, let us vote, in 1848 who led
that call, we red there charter, the Chartists
The chartists in England call for universal sufferage so forth, that’s one our essay
Why wasn’t there a revolution in 1848, they signed a petition and stuff, hoping
through bureaucracy peace would break through, what was working classes, in
1848 who revolted the middle classs revolted in working class and peasants w