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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

Italian Renaissance & Humanism.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
ItalianRenaissance & Humanism October-03-12 3:06PM Petrarch LoluccioSalutati LeonardoBruni Cicero • ConcentrationofCapital=Merchants • Connectionstomoney=culture • Florence-wasacity state • Wasa mercantileplace-didn'thavetocompetewiththemonarchy- wasableto functionforthewell beingofsociety • Church-was againstinterestinbanking • Peoplewerelookingfornewideologies • Cicero - wrotetheoreticalworksonpolitics • Peoplewerestartingtoseethingsrelatedtotheancientpastwiththereownworld • Peoplerealizedtherewasadisjunctionbetweenideasandsociety • Problem:Marcus TulliusCicerowaspagan-hisideasand thoughtsweren'tformedbyreligion • Whatdo youdo withPaganAntiquity?-had to addressthisquestion-Petrachwasthepersonwho addressedit • Petrarch-was a Florentine • MovedtoSouthas France,and was a letterwriterforthepapalcourt • However,hewascutoffromthe cityof Florence • Hisfatherthoughtheshouldhavebeenalawyer • Atuniversity-hegot intoancientliterature • InCicero-he analyzedtheideasofCicero • Petrarch-beganto developideas • Hesawthat thepeopleofthepastweregoodpeopleb/ctheyhadessentialhumanityandhowtolive onearth • Hereacheda conclusion-thevalidationofhumanexperiencecouldhavehumanguidancethatwould leadustoa happylife • Petrarch-saidthat allpagan literatureshouldbedestroyed • Why? - theliteraturewassobeautiful,itmadeuslovelifetomuch • Ancientthoughtshelpedusineverydaylife • Ancientauthorspresentedethicalbehaviour • Hewouldspreadhisinfluencearoundtheworldthroughpoetry • Petrarchin1327 -fellinlovewithagirlLaura • Hewrote366 poemsabouther • Showedhumanloveandhumanpassion-hedevelopedthesonnetandthesonnetsequence • ThePoemswereaboutPetrarchinlove • Petrarchbegantobecomea veryfamouspoet • Petrarchbecameanobsessiveletterwriter • Hebeganto takehislettersandturnthemintoa literarywork • Petrarchbegantosay that everyoneofusareindividuals
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