Class Notes (836,148)
Canada (509,657)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

The Absolute State.pdf

3 Pages
129 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
TheAbsolute State November-07-12 3:05PM • Bartlett ○ THobbes- Leviathan ○ LouieXIV ○ JMazarin ○ Fronde ○ J-BColbert • Richelieu-workedtomakehismasterabsolute ○ Thisgavethegovernmenttheabilitytodoanythingtoanyone  However,therewerepositiveelementstoit □ Alwaysbettertoserveonemasterthanmany □ Theconcentratedpowerprotectedthenationfarbetterthanbeforefromforeign invasion  Thesepracticalelementsmadeitlesshorriblethanitsounded ◊ Justificationcamefromthechaosofthemiddleages ► 30yearswardestroyedtocontinent,withconstantinstability • Hobbes ○ Public intellectual  Civilservantthatworkedforthecrownandwroteaboutthenature ofgovernment □ ShowedhowCharlesdestroyedhiscountry ○ Hewastryingto explaintheeventsoftheEnglishCivilwar  CharlessaidthatGodput himthere,andthereforehecouldn'tbetriedbythepeople ○ HobbesrealizedthattheKingsargumentswereveryfragile  DivineRightofKingswasdismissed-wherewastheevidence?  Developedanargumentaroundthemonarchy □ Puthisideainhisbook,Leviathan  Statewasa monster-nothinginthestate can bringit down  Inthebeginning,menandwomenwereinthestateofNature ◊ Wewereina stateof Chaos,whichwasviolentandvicious ◊ Therewerenorestrictionstoreducethereinterests □ Foreachindividualinthestateofnature,lifewasbrutal  Toescapefromthis,youneededtoforma societywhichwouldbeforthe benefitall,andhavearulertolookoverandensurethatthe societywould benefitall ◊ Youneededasetoflawsthat wereapplicabletoeveryone ► Youneededtosurrenderyourindividualrightstothesovereignlaw andexercisethelawcorrectly ► Peoplegiveupeverythingforsecurity&stability □ Absolutepowerofthekingonlyresultedfromtheconsentofthepeople □ Lifeinthestateofnaturewasworsethan beingruledunderthemostbrutalking □ HobbeswaschallengedbyJohnLocke □ Rousseausaidthatthestateofnaturewouldbewherewewantto be • Louie XVI ○ Ifyouwanteda properking,youwantedhimasking  Tookthethronein1643 □ Louiewouldhavethethronefor72years □ Kingsyouth-KingdomofFrancewasruledbyRegency  JMazarin keptFrancetogetherwhileLouiewasayoungboy  Until1661, FrancewouldbeinCivilwarb/ctheNobleswantedtoreclaimthere power  Wantedtoweakenthecrownb/cLouiewas a child ◊ Mazarindida prettygoodof keepingFrancetogether ► Mazarinhad to beflexible,ashispoliciesweregoingtobe challengedbypowerfulenemies  ParliamentinFrancewantedtoreducethepoweroftheFrenchCrown ◊ Successfulinitially,butwouldfalter Wouldmakepeaceandthecrownwouldtakecontrolback ► Wouldmakepeaceandthecrownwouldtakecontrolback  F
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit