Class Notes (808,131)
Canada (493,086)
History (3,202)
HIS263Y1 (268)

Lecture 27 - Age of Light Soap and Water

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Heidi Bohaker

Age of Light, Soap and Water Age of Reform  Ida Whipple o 17 yr old highschool student in New Brunswick o Won a prize for an essay on civic improvement o Combined local observations o Mundane, average example o 1910 - middle of an age of reform movements 1880s to 1920s was the Age of Reform  Many groups were organizing to deal with issues "Age of Organization" o Lots of Reform! o Most reformers were eclectic in interest  These people existed in a sphere of international ideals  Most reformers were WASP - middle class o Protestant and Catholic reform are largely separate trajectories o Social position shaped the way they understood the problems o Core of reform were ideas like Christianity, patriarchal family, expertise, and anxiety about immigration  Reformers saw this not as a series of little projects but as an effort to regenerate souls and society Settlement Houses  Urban institutions that tried to deal with the problems of incoming immigrants  Idea imported from Britain and the US  Spreads to most cities in Canada o Hull House in Chicago (Jane Adams) o All People's Mission (Winnipeg)  J.S. Woodsworth  4 key functions typical of settlement houses  Immigrant Aid - charity functions, giving clothes, functions like social work  Recreation - like an aid and community centre, tried to send poor immigrants into the woods for a restorative way, swimming pools, gyms  Missionary Work - Christian institutions usually, but usually a certain religion of The Social Gospel - Christians ought to do God's work on Earth, the job of the Christian was not to save the souls of others but to do good work on Earth - deep belief - key animating principal to this age of reform - Social Catholicism also exists and the Pope sends out notice for Catholics to partake in reform  Education and Canadianization - help give immigrants knowledge of Canada and to learn English and the basis of civil society - combine a sympathy for the immigrant and a fear of what the effect these new immigrants would have on society if not Canadianized enough - integration and assimilation  Woodsworth was a very liberal man for his time, but he shares fears and the WASP mentality - an Anglo-based mentality City and Public Health  Herbert Ames, The City Below the Hill (Montreal, 1897) o Paints a picture of Montreal as a divided city
More Less

Related notes for HIS263Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.