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HIS344Y1 (120)
Lecture

Feb 1st

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School
University of Toronto St. George
Department
History
Course
HIS344Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis
Semester
Winter

Description
st February 1 Dtente The Era of Negotiations - Nuclear Parity, achieved at the end of 1960searly 1970s - telling both super powers no sense of going into a nuclear war because both sides would be destroyed - Test Ban treaties, SALT, etc. led to dtente - the main purpose was to reduce military tensionpossibility for military confrontationnuclear confrontation - dtente included many things besides political and military understanding - for the first time, it included economic, social, commercial, etc. aspects - given these, there was a hope they would bind each other to this agreement that either side would see no benefit to going back to previous situationconfrontation - both sides had expectations: Americans hoped to initiate some economic and commercial exchanges (they were in debt due to Vietnam War), so economic interests. They wanted that by giving equality to Soviet Union, they would bind Soviet Union to accept status quo J still more favorable to the US (technologically and economically), and maintain superiority. Americans hoped by giving them beneficial trades and agreements, the Soviet Union would see more benefits to the status quo and accept it instead of challenging it. The Russians accepted that the US accepted them fully in all aspects, not just military, they wanted to be recognize as political equal and equal share in world affairs J to have a sphere of influence just like the Americans. They also expected a free hand in international relations, just like the US. - in terms of historiography, dtente is a debate topic. - Revisionists see dtente as beneficial to international relations because they reduced tensions and eliminated possibility of nuclear showdown. By this, this allowed both sides to look over their own domestic issues J improve standard of living, look at issues at home. Dtente was also necessary. - Traditionalists: dtente allowed Soviet Union to have advantage over US and expand over the world and challenge US interests, whereas previously they would not have considered the possibility of doing this. By binding US to SALTI, the Russians took advantage of the loopholes and surpassed the limits allowed to them and basically wanted to gain nuclear superiority over the US. Overall, it did not serve any purpose. US-Soviet Relations - Nixon agreed to an initial negotiation by filling in the Soviet what they wanted. - Brezhnev, after reaching nuclear parity with the US, he recognized the political and military advantages to a settlement. He showed from the beginning his willingness even though he still had issues at homehe had opposition. - Kissinger recognized the needcame to acceptance a deal between Soviet Union and the US. - first meeting between Nixon and Brezhnev, no failure came through, they came out with 10 major agreementsdeal. - reason: for at least a year before May 1972, Kissinger visited Moscow and had agreed on every issue they would discuss and would end up with. www.notesolution.com
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