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Lecture 3

HIS351Y1 Lecture 3 Fall 2011.docx

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Jerzy Borzocki

HIS351 Lecture 3 September 23, 2011 Last Week: Revolution of 1905 th  Jan. 9 – Black Sunday  Bloody Sunday  October 17 – Oktober Manifesto o Tsar promised basic civil rights for every citizen of Russia  Every Russian male had the right to vote  Tsar felt that he was forced into this *People are happy now, because they think that the government is going to be ruled by the tsar. * everyone agreed with this except for far left and far right. * the far left the SR – began to employ its reign of terror 44 officials are killed or mamed 9000 other people are killed or injured as well The political right wing comes into the picture  they also felt that the tsar was forced into the manifesto  a.k.a. the black hundred o they hunt down the extreme leftist and cause more violence o the black hundred also didn’t like jews because they perceived them as leftist o accurate stereotype, because since they are not full citizens they do not have rights  there only hope therefore is to join the left  there are hopes are then tied with the left wing  the jews also were known for being very talented and working hard (recipe for success) – the right wing was not happy about this  black hundred – persecuted the Jew  Jews tend till live in the Western part of the country as a result The Peasants  if the right can persecute the jewish people  then the peasants can “smoke out” their landlords. o The peasants therefore create trouble by forcing their landlords to leave  They set fire to their landlords barn Sergei Vetov – his advisor  tsar labels him a liar  feels that his has been mislead by his ministers  tsar is unhappy  frustrated that he cannot go back on his word (manifesto had already been signed) Spring of 1906 – Fundamental Laws (Russian Constitution) - Censorship laws were removed - Journalists could write as they pleased - However, the state could still sue you for writing poorly about them What would be the shape of the Parliament  sconsists of two chambers o State Council – Upper Chamber  ½ of all the seats are filled by the tsar himself  the rest of them are filled by other associations (gentry, church,) o State Duma – lower chamber  Elected by the people (every male can vote)  Votes are weighted o 1 gentry = 45 peasant votes  Has the right to come up with new laws  system is such that to pass a new law – all three sides have to sign a new law (state council, duma, & tsar)  unsupported side can veto any law the other side/sides wanted to pass.  Does not have the right to elect members into the government  Tsar is the only one allowed to name and place positions of political power o This was a strong point of frustration for the Duma o Prime Minsters were responsible to the tsar and not the Duma o The Duma has to approve the budget o Military action still remains in full power of the tsar  Power of war and peace Summary: New system of power is there – however it is still very much ruled by the tsar.  Duma serves a political term of 5 years when elected into office o Tsar can dismiss or dissolve any member before this term is up First Duma Chamber  met for first time in May 1906  Constitutional democratic party is the largest within the first duma o not happy that tsar is still ruling the country. Main question that anyone in Russia has to solve  4/5 of the country is peasants o and they all want more land  How to solve the problem? Cadet parties solution  for the state to forceably buy all the land owned by the gentry and give it to the peasants  however, the state is assumed to pay full market price for the property  of course this does not happen – Gentry (land-owners) are angry  Tsar decides that it is necessary to dissolve the first duma after 3 months.  decision is not very suprising to the people  first duma was boycotted by the left 2 Duma  met very early 1907  decided it was a smart idea to have members from every different party in the parliament o freedom of speech – in parliament o doesn’t work either  even worst conflict with 2 group than first Tsar does not know what to do.
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