Class Notes (810,553)
Canada (494,147)
History (3,204)
HIS385H1 (117)
Chin Lim (107)

Lecture 1 - Introduction and Prehistory.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Chin Lim

HIS385 Lecture 1 JAN10/2014 History of Hong Kong: Introduction Why do we study history? - Historiography, patterns and theories why events occur, individuals, events, etc Perspectives - Outside of HK (1) Portrays HK as a national humiliation by Chinese gov’t and educated, Confucianist individuals • HK as a result of losing war to Brits  humiliating experience to the Chinese, losing this land to the Brits o Not just land surrendered but sovereignty as well  therefore, humiliating to the ruling elite • Successive ruling elites also felt humiliation, whether it be the Qing, Republican, Nationalists, etc.  all saw HK as a symbol of national humiliation • Negative connotation (2) HK – refuge and opportunities; viewed by commoners not part of the ruling elite with no political power • Positive connotation • Had tough life in China or wanted to get richer and take advantage of HK or were persecuted and saw HK as refuge o HK had different laws from China – persecuted can enjoy the protection of British laws o All the laws were not intended to benefit the Chinese who took refuge in HK but resulted that was as the persecuted became Brit subjects as soon as they enter HK (3) HK as trade and empire viewed by the British • HK acquired to facilitate trade with China – use to expand trade in the world, therefore creating an empire  a global economic trade system • National prestige came along with being a British colony - HK’s perspective • Similar but not including #1 (HK as national humiliation) (1) HK was unique among Chinese societies o Three societies: mainland China, Taiwan, and HK  each have their own histories that contributed to their own unique features and chracteristics (2) Immigration and development o Small population before the Brits came ~ 5000 o 1.7 million people right now because of immigration People contributed to the development of HK as an important trading port to a big commercial center in Asia (3) Economic Success (4) Political and social order o Brit created a system from the beginning to institute colonialization  very different from Chinese system (5) Often ignored o Writers were not from HK and were more immersed in the first 2 external perspective (national humiliation and refuge/opportunities) Land (1) Hong Kong Island (2) Kowloon Peninsula (3) New Territories (consists of islands within HK’s boundaries and in the north) - Total land area: 1100 km (Toronto: 630 km ) 2 - HK a coastal area • During the Ice Age, HK was actually inland rather than coastal • End of Ice Age = rise of sea level - Hong Kong Island • 2 largest island (81 km ) • Seceded to Brits in 1841; officially colonized in 1842 1 • 7% of HK territory - Kowloon Peninsula • Seceded to Brit in 1860 • 47km 2 - New Territories • 748km2 • Outlying islands: 228 km2 • Seceded in 1898 - Land leased for 99 years  impossible for Brits to hold on to HK island by the 90’s  therefore HK returns to China in 1997 - Location of HK: mouth of the Pearl River • Bocca Tigris • Lots of trading activities around Guangzhou • HK then became an important trading port because its at the entrance of the River connecting to the center of trading activities Subtropical Climate - Rain + humidity = summer months; dry + cold = winter months • Due to monsoons ~ seasonal winds that causes typhoons o Summer months: wind from the south – lots of moisture o Winter months: wind from the north – no moisture - Winds important for trade
More Less

Related notes for HIS385H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.