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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Road to Decolonization.docx

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Department
History
Course Code
HIS385H1
Professor
Chin Lim

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HIS385 Lecture 8 MAR14/2014 Road to Decolonization - New Territory Lease expire , 1997 • Single colonial administration, 1898+ o Regardless of when the parts were acquired, British ruled HK island, Kowloon, and New Territories as one unit • New Territory and economic developments o Since the 1950s, HK went through intensive phase of industrialization – centralized in New Territories o NT = has lots of land = space for manufacturing, residential areas, industrialization  location of power generators  30% of electricity supply from NT, the rest is from S. China o NT closely tied to HK’s economic development  Its hard for the British to retain HK island and Kowloon without New Territories th - Mid-19 c., Sino-British relations • Qing dynasty decline  dynastic decline  internal disorder, foreign threat o 18 c., Peak of Qing China o 19 c., gradual decline of Qing (“dynastic decline”) th o From the 19 c. onwards, Wing suffered from internal disorders in varying forms  When Qing is weak domestically, easily penetrable by foreigners • Britain rise  imperial heydays  largest empire  strongest navy nd th o The super power at the 2 half of the 19 c.  As a result, British were able to acquire concessions, make demands, and Qing can’t do anything about it - Mid-20 c., Sino-British relations: balance of power shifted • PRC on the rise, Britain decline th o Britain on the decline in terms of international relations  lost their prestige from the 19 c. o Under the Communist, developments shows the strengths of PRC (People’s Republic of China)  1949 – consolidated political dominance after chasing out the Nationalists to Taiwan - National political consolidation under CCP • Military Power o Civil War, 1945-49 o Korean War, 1950-53 o Sino-Indo Border War, 1962 o Sino-Vietnam War, 1970s • Economic Power, 1980s+ o China’s regional status based on military capabilities supplemented by economic power via open door policies o China going through greater regional and international presence o British going through its decline in colonial power - Post-WW2 decolonization • Former colonies get independence  Worldwide • End of the British Empire - China on HK • China POV: HK as result of aggressive wars by imperialists o As a result of wars, China had to sign “unequal” treaties – no legality (i.e. Treaty of Nanjing) o Therefore, believed HK to be unjustified since they reject the legality of the treaties that forced them to cede HK to the British • CCP, 1949: domestic, political consolidation over reunification o Foreign money: water, food to HK  HK still consume China goods  helps China’s economy to get back o
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