Class Notes (839,092)
Canada (511,185)
History (3,264)
HIS385H1 (117)
Chin Lim (107)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Road to Decolonization.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
Chin Lim

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
HIS385 Lecture 8 MAR14/2014 Road to Decolonization - New Territory Lease expire , 1997 • Single colonial administration, 1898+ o Regardless of when the parts were acquired, British ruled HK island, Kowloon, and New Territories as one unit • New Territory and economic developments o Since the 1950s, HK went through intensive phase of industrialization – centralized in New Territories o NT = has lots of land = space for manufacturing, residential areas, industrialization  location of power generators  30% of electricity supply from NT, the rest is from S. China o NT closely tied to HK’s economic development  Its hard for the British to retain HK island and Kowloon without New Territories th - Mid-19 c., Sino-British relations • Qing dynasty decline  dynastic decline  internal disorder, foreign threat o 18 c., Peak of Qing China o 19 c., gradual decline of Qing (“dynastic decline”) th o From the 19 c. onwards, Wing suffered from internal disorders in varying forms  When Qing is weak domestically, easily penetrable by foreigners • Britain rise  imperial heydays  largest empire  strongest navy nd th o The super power at the 2 half of the 19 c.  As a result, British were able to acquire concessions, make demands, and Qing can’t do anything about it - Mid-20 c., Sino-British relations: balance of power shifted • PRC on the rise, Britain decline th o Britain on the decline in terms of international relations  lost their prestige from the 19 c. o Under the Communist, developments shows the strengths of PRC (People’s Republic of China)  1949 – consolidated political dominance after chasing out the Nationalists to Taiwan - National political consolidation under CCP • Military Power o Civil War, 1945-49 o Korean War, 1950-53 o Sino-Indo Border War, 1962 o Sino-Vietnam War, 1970s • Economic Power, 1980s+ o China’s regional status based on military capabilities supplemented by economic power via open door policies o China going through greater regional and international presence o British going through its decline in colonial power - Post-WW2 decolonization • Former colonies get independence  Worldwide • End of the British Empire - China on HK • China POV: HK as result of aggressive wars by imperialists o As a result of wars, China had to sign “unequal” treaties – no legality (i.e. Treaty of Nanjing) o Therefore, believed HK to be unjustified since they reject the legality of the treaties that forced them to cede HK to the British • CCP, 1949: domestic, political consolidation over reunification o Foreign money: water, food to HK  HK still consume China goods  helps China’s economy to get back o
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.