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Lecture #1 - Summer 2012

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Chin Lim

Lecture #1 - new chief executive/governer of HK  everyone has the right to choose; serves for 10 executive terms st th - July 1 15 anniversary of HK given back to China Introduction - Perspective on HK  national humiliation  refuge, opportunities  trade and empire - when we study history we study events, people involved, historical narratives (how people in the past), interactions between countries - all histories have in common is perspective because we have to rely on recordings of past events; sources are all perspectives 4 Perspectives in HK History 1. national humiliation - HK is a result of China losing the war to Britain  losing a war = humiliation Qin Dynasty; the ruling dynasty of China would look at the war as a humiliation  upper class chinese people  People’s Republic China (different from Qin Dynasty  Republic) - 1949  1644-1911 the people that worked for the dynasty, the ruling class (although may not be part of the government they are still part of the ruling class)  1830s whoever ruled since then (the government) would consider HK as a humiliation  those privileged and intellectual of China, would look at HK as a humiliation 2. Refuge, opportunities - Criminals from china  escape to HK after the 1830s (after HK was taken over by British) - Can be rebels that tried to overtake China  best way to avoid getting capture was to escape to a non-Chinese ruled; HK was the closest place - Even if arrive in HK, they are provided under British protection; China cannot reach it - The western traders look at HK for opportunities - From China, artists, writers etc. acts more like refuge because they can rebel through their work - Merchants turn to HK for opportunities because HK becomes a trading port  if stayed within China, they will be under Chinese law  if went to HK, they will be free from Chinese corruption to some extent - Peasents would go to HK for opportunities; those that are exploited, lands destroyed by war or natural disasters  if remained in China they will die  under different legal system and under different economical system  harbours were expanded  mostly for those uneducated and those in proverty - Lots of labours and merchants looking at HK for perspective - Negative perspectives (first ) comes from elite and the other perspective from the lower classes (both from mainland) 3. Comes from the British perspecitive – trade and empire - Port and harbour is the only thing valuable - Use HK as the base to trade with China - Considered it as a symbol of national prestige  port is part of a vast empire, an empire that is described as were the sun sets  symbol of wealth and power 4. Hong Kong perspective - Focuses on HK development and success  Migration  Economic developments  Political and social order  Unique Chinese society  Often ignored - Involves a lot of people  most people came from china based on the 1 and 2 nd perspective  migration  with people on migration can issue cheap labour for economical development - Need an orderly political system and a sufficient social system for new people  allowed economical development - Look at HK as an unique Chinese society  a product between east and west  combination of cultural group compared to the other two Chinese society in the world Taiwan and China – Macau is more considered in HK area culturally - until 1970s/80s the HK perspective is typically ignored - if published by China; typically humiliation - if published by west; typically trade and empire - if published by HK scholars post 1970s, there is a strong emphasis on the HK perspective - modern HK after 1970s, there became an educated group of people that grew up in HK and was born in  studied HK history in its own context Land - Hong Kong Island - Kowloon Peninsula - New Territories 2 2 - Total land area: 1,100 km (Toronto: 630 km ) Hong Kong: inland area (Ice Age) - closest coast was about 100 miles; not near to the water - End of Ice Age  rise of sea level – how we got the different areas - Coastliens  Hong Kong HonndKong Island - 2 largest island in HK  largest is Lantau island - 81 km 2 - 7% of territory - First part of the island Ceded to British in 1841  part of British from 1841-1860 alone Kowloon - 47 km 2 - ceded 1860 New Territories  largest island - 748 - outlying islands: 228 km - 99-year lease in 1898 - after 1898 Hong Kong became 3 parts - Kowloon and HK Island was ceded (were people gave up control permantly) - 1898; New Territories was not of permant control but it was a lease that lasted for 99 years  1997 became the year HK was given back up - could give only New Territories away after 1997; but the british colony has acted the 3 parts as one
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