HMU111H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Strophic Form, Winterreise, Lied

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Published on 11 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
Lecture 5: Intro to Romanticism
Listening:
Schubert, Der Lindenbaum
Weber, Der Freischütz, Wolfs Glen scene
Reading from textbook:
Chapter 18, with special focus on pp. 411-416
Chapter 19, pp. 460-461
Romantic Themes and Images
Romanticism first appeared in painting as a way of opposing academic and classical
tendencies
o NEOCLASSICAL. Also a romantic movement
Tragic and isolated young man (often a creeper XD)
o Troubled by suicide, depression, etc.
Nature, especially trees, streams, the colour green, etc.
Hunting and horns! (upper class stuff)
Supernatural forces
Romanticized view of the medieval period
what does romanticism do to music?
o Advent of programmatic music: instrumental music w/ ideas/stories! (literary
nature)
o cyclic structure (recurring theme)
o complex harmony → unrelated keys. Tonal relationships and harmonic movement
not always based on tonic and dominant
o is not autonomous: free from notion that it must serve the words of a
madrigal/opera
ideal mode of instrumental as premier mode of expression resulted in PROGRAM
MUSIC
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
composed in almost every genre of his time
many characteristics of the Romantic Lied depicted in Schubert’s 600+ songs, many
performed in his home: Schubertians
strong sense of harmonic colour: complex modulations, sometimes in long passages
set poetry often to the works of Goethe, and Muller
Der Lindenbaum
5th in a song cycle Die Winterreise (The Winter Journey) 1827
o Poems by Wilhelm Muller
About nostalgia of a lover revisiting in winter the haunts of a failed summer romance
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Document Summary

Romanticism first appeared in painting as a way of opposing academic and classical tendencies: neoclassical. Tragic and isolated young man (often a creeper xd: troubled by suicide, depression, etc. Nature, especially trees, streams, the colour green, etc. What does romanticism do to music: advent of programmatic music: instrumental music w/ ideas/stories! (literary nature, cyclic structure (recurring theme, complex harmony unrelated keys. Tonal relationships and harmonic movement not always based on tonic and dominant is not autonomous: free from notion that it must serve the words of a madrigal/opera ideal mode of instrumental as premier mode of expression resulted in program. Composed in almost every genre of his time. Many characteristics of the romantic lied depicted in schubert"s 600+ songs, many performed in his home: schubertians. Strong sense of harmonic colour: complex modulations, sometimes in long passages. Set poetry often to the works of goethe, and muller.

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