HPS100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Formal Science, Fallibilism, Empirical Evidence


Department
History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Course Code
HPS100H1
Professor
Hakob Barseghyan
Lecture
2

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HPS100 Lecture 2
Intro: 

 
Question of Absolute Knowledge
! unchangeable?"#
$ %&
' %&
 
 Yes ()
 *
 +More info on page
3+
i. No ()
 ,)-)
 ./
o*%)
Case 1: 1 +2 = 3
0-1%&
2/1-1
1,1
!3$114,
5
2-& No.
We don’t need experience or observations,),
$1%67,$1
'1
67,88!3$9',
)/
.:

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Case 2: All swans are white. How can we justify this?
Intuitive Answer: /1
/
o,)
o,1115
8/1all

o;/)

21(
1
/</
)811-%,)/
)
Case 3: The law of gravity
-
110-&
!$&It is similar to Case 2.
o--
)1/
o
"/#
"/#
"/#
01
-

Analytic Propositions:
! /"
#
$ =)
' *
 
Synthetic Propositions:
! /
$ *)
> =
Analytic Propositions Synthetic Propositions
! $1 '
formal science
"1#.
)
.empirical science
"#
"11"
#1
 
)If you can conceive of an
opposite, it is a synthetic
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