HPS211H1 Lecture Notes - Caloric Theory, Thermal Conduction, Capillary Action

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4 chronological division: age of reason (18th c. , high modernity (19th c. , turn of the century (late 19th to mid-20th c. , the world we live in (after wwii) Russo-french scholar, alexandre koyr , popularized the term scientific revolution in 1939. The term was originally referred to a disruptive change in science during the 16th-17th c. Scientific revolution includes copernicus, gilbert, bacon, harvey, kepler, galileo, descartes, newton, etc. In 1962, american philosopher thomas kuhn extended the term to disruptive changes in science in general. Scientists experienced a paradigm shift during the revolution. Thomas kuhn"s framework serves as a useful reminder that knowledge did not accumulate incrementally. It is the study of nature"s laws, causes, regularities: aristotelian natural philosophy. Dominant form of natural philosophy developed by aristotle (4th c. bce, greece) called aristotelian philosophy. Aristotelian philosophy supported by all the medieval and renaissance scholars in europe and in the.

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