Lec 5: continuation of last lecture
July-17-13 M/C , short answers, fill-in-the blanks
Ditransitive verbs - V NP1 (Inverted IO) NP2 (DO)
Verbs with obj complement - V NP1 (DO) NP2 (obj complement)
She called him a taxi.
She called a taxi for him.
Syntactic and morphological evidence (for nouns):
○ Grammatical relations
- Morphological (form)
○ Noun inflection
○ -s (plural suffix)
○ Noun-making affixes
○ 's (posessive s)
Different between Gerund vs. Present participle - - (v-ing)
- Gerunds function as nouns = verbal nouns
○ e.g. walking is a good exercise
- Gerund have grammatical relations
○ Walking = subject
○ Verb in subject position = GERUND
- e.g. I hate walking.
○ Walking is direct object = noun = GERUND
- Present participles are the main verbs
○ e.g. She was walking too fast.
○ Walking = main verb = PRES. PARTICIPLE ; non-finite
○ Was = aux
○ Past progressive (was + ___ing)
○ Time + aspect = tense
- She was boring her teacher.
○ Her teacher = DO
○ Boring = main verb
○ Was = auxiliary
- She was (can insert: intensifier = very) boring.
○ Boring is adj
Present participle functioning as an adjective
○ Was = main verb here (to be)
Lecture: continue from adjective phrases…
- adjP can have 2 diff structures
○ Proceeded by intensifier
○ Followed by diff complements
adjP [Intensifier + adj]
[adj + complements (pp, clause, ..etc)]
- PP = Prep + NP
- Sentence = complete thought (subj and pred)
Lectures Page 1 - Sent