LIN200H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Proper Noun, Pragmatics, Cognitive Model

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Published on 29 Feb 2016
School
UTSG
Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN200H1
Professor
1
LIN200 Introducon of Language
Lecture 6 February 25, 2016
Semancs: the study of the meaning of words and phrases in sentences
Meaning in terms of:
1. X (wrong way): diconary de'nions?
2. Be*er way to de'ne meaning: cognive model – mental representaon (link between a thing
when you hear about it), MAY refer to intension
3. Another be*er way to de'ne meaning: referenal model – things in the world (meaning of a
word is the thing/things in the world that it refers to), MAY refer to extension
Example:
“the president of the US who was president in 1862”
“the tallest ever US president”
conclusion: they have the same extension, but di9erent intension (associated with di9erent
mental representaon)
Composional Semancs: the study of how sentence get their meaning …
Meaning of a sentence = truth condions
oMeaning of words in the sentence
oRule for how those meanings combined combined based on grammacal rule
Notaon: ||dog|| = {set of all dogs}
Noun = set
Proper noun = index
Sets:
Adjecves = properes: happy, sad, male, female (not ALL of adjecves refer to properes, these
are some examples)
Verbs = properes: smile, frown (not ALL of verbs refer to properes, these are some examples)
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Document Summary

Semantics: the study of the meaning of words and phrases in sentences. The president of the us who was president in 1862 . The tallest ever us president conclusion: they have the same extension, but different intension (associated with different mental representation) Compositional semantics: the study of how sentence get their meaning . Meaning of a sentence = truth conditions: meaning of words in the sentence, rule for how those meanings combined combined based on grammatical rule. Adjectives = properties: happy, sad, male, female (not all of adjectives refer to properties, these are some examples) Verbs = properties: smile, frown (not all of verbs refer to properties, these are some examples) Words like all, some, none, etc, they allow us to describe the relationship between two sets, rather than two words/properties, they allow us to treat nouns, adjectives, and verbs on equal footing since they"ve all sets. All the women are smiling smile women smile women.

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