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Lecture 6

LIN200H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Proper Noun, Pragmatics, Cognitive Model

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Aaron Dinkin

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LIN200 Introducon of Language
Lecture 6 February 25, 2016
Semancs: the study of the meaning of words and phrases in sentences
Meaning in terms of:
1. X (wrong way): diconary de'nions?
2. Be*er way to de'ne meaning: cognive model – mental representaon (link between a thing
when you hear about it), MAY refer to intension
3. Another be*er way to de'ne meaning: referenal model – things in the world (meaning of a
word is the thing/things in the world that it refers to), MAY refer to extension
“the president of the US who was president in 1862”
“the tallest ever US president”
conclusion: they have the same extension, but di9erent intension (associated with di9erent
mental representaon)
Composional Semancs: the study of how sentence get their meaning …
Meaning of a sentence = truth condions
oMeaning of words in the sentence
oRule for how those meanings combined combined based on grammacal rule
Notaon: ||dog|| = {set of all dogs}
Noun = set
Proper noun = index
Adjecves = properes: happy, sad, male, female (not ALL of adjecves refer to properes, these
are some examples)
Verbs = properes: smile, frown (not ALL of verbs refer to properes, these are some examples)
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