# Notes taken during lecture

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16 Feb 2011
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LECTURE Feb.15th, 2011
Scan for alternations in the data to know what to account for in the data
Rule, pattern
Write out the alternations, so will keep track of what the rules will eventually account for
Solve for the rules in random order not bias answer for the order of rules
[l] and [n] are too specific to be rules some sort of assimilation, perhaps?
In both hypotheses, the [r] assimilates and becomes either [l] or [n]
Across morpheme boundary when cant get u after other vowels
-Thus need + symbol
% = before or after
Use alpha and beta to indicate two different forms a segment or more becomes
-Use alpha to specify the context specific to the first changed segment
-Use beta to specify the context specific to second changed segment
Syncope
-Syncope: vowel from within stem
-In the example on slide 23, deletion would be fine too
Account for cases of CC where deletion does not occur
-The difference is CC and CV (in case where change occurs)
Modern Hebrew
- Metathesis: switch order of segments
oThe t moved from before s to after in istaparti, for instance
Ci and Cj the two C are different
Insertion or deletion is the question
-They are actually different derivations
Sometimes, the rule ordering is all that is necessary to make the derivation, despite having
the correct underlying form and rule(s)
-Try making small modifications to the rule, rather than starting all over
PRACTISE slides
-Be familiar with the notation both in recognizing them in given rules and in
using them in writing rules
-+/- syllabic, sonorant, and consonantal the three major natural classes
oIf the question specifies three major classes, then consider only the three
classes above
-Any central vowel is +back
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## Document Summary

Scan for alternations in the data to know what to account for in the data. Write out the alternations, so will keep track of what the rules will eventually account for. Solve for the rules in random order not bias answer for the order of rules. In both hypotheses, the [r] assimilates and becomes either [l] or [n] Across morpheme boundary when can"t get u after other vowels. Use alpha and beta to indicate two different forms a segment or more becomes. Use alpha to specify the context specific to the first changed segment. Use beta to specify the context specific to second changed segment. In the example on slide 23, deletion would be fine too. Account for cases of cc where deletion does not occur. The difference is cc and cv (in case where change occurs) Metathesis: switch order of segments: the t moved from before s to after in istaparti, for instance.

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