NMC103 Feb 5

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Department
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course
NMC103H1
Professor
Maria Subtelny
Semester
Winter

Description
Islamic Law and Society 2/5/2013 10:08:00 AM  Law code of Babylonian king Hammurabi, ca. 1750 BC  Byzantine emperor Justinian, Prophet Muhammad Nature and sources of Islamic Law  Canonical law of Islam called Shari’a  Comprehensive, authoritative, but flexible  Main sources:  Quran  Traditions of the prophet (hadith) o Canonical collections by Muslim, Bukhari (9 thc.), etc.; aksi Shi’ite collections Schools of Islamic Law  4 main Sunni “schools” of legal interpretation, math-habs:  Hanafite—most widespread, Ca and W Asia, N India  Shafi-ite—Egypt, E Aftica, SE Asia  Malikite—N Africa  Hanbalite—Near East  Also Shi’ite school of legal interpretation: additional interpretation is Imams (undisputed source of law) Jurists (fuqaha’) and their methods  Methods: reasoned opinion (ra2y), analogy (qiyas), consensus (ijma3)  Classification of
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