NMC277H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Kairouan, Church Of The Holy Sepulchre, Fatimid Caliphate

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Shi’ism and the Crusades: The Ismailis
Major theme in Islam
12ever shisim and Ismaili split
Shiat Ali / Shiat Ahl al Bayt – Party of Ali or Party of the Prophet;s Household.
Sunni view of the Caliphate –
- Muhammad didn’t appoint a caliph
- Sunni believe in Baya and allegiance to successor from among Muslim notables
- Succession to Muhammad occurred at “Saqifat Banu Saida”
- Abu Bakr selected as next Khalifat rasul Allah
- By leaders of Muhajirun Meccan emigrants and Medinese Ansar – Ali Absent
- Key issue in the succession
- Abu Bakr becomes frist caliph – famous for the Ridda wars
Shia view of Caliphate –
- believe Ali should have been successor
- clan of Banu Hashim and the cousin of Muhammad
- Muhammad appointed him in Ghadir Khumm
- Famous saying – Anyone whom I am his leader then Ali is his leader
First phase of Early Shiism: Reign of Uthman and First Civil War
- Pro Ali sentiments persist during Rashidun Caliphate
- Uthman Murdered (first civil war) – killed by follower of Ali
- Muawiya seeks to avenge it
- - from Banu Umayyad (Like UThman)
- Eponymous founder of Umayyads Dynasty
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