Branch of knowledge that is associated with the methods of interpretations. Good understanding needs to take into consideration the historical context. Uthman codified the interpretation after collections. Since the quran is the word of god, the best idea is frist to look int the. Quran, the hadith and then to the scholars. Verse 3:7 literal and allegorical verses. Literalism giving priority to original invent: mode of interpretation: text over context, sacrificing openness of meaning to fixed interpretation. Modern muslim intellectuals and the quran suha taji. Entanglement with the text anti western haunted by the west. Asma barlas believing women in islam. Amina al- khuli: (cid:862)the qura(cid:374) is the greatest (cid:271)ook a(cid:374)d the (cid:373)ost powerful literar(cid:455) work i(cid:374) the ara(cid:271)i(cid:272) la(cid:374)guage(cid:863, quran as literature, literary methods of interpretation, emphasis on role of the interpreter. Charles hirs(cid:272)hki(cid:374)d (cid:862)heres(cid:455) or her(cid:373)e(cid:374)euti(cid:272)s: the (cid:272)ase of nasr ha(cid:373)id. Counterpoint anthropologist of islam objective and scientific framework for the analysis of religious texts.