Fatimids

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Department
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course
NMC469Y1
Professor
Mason
Semester
Fall

Description
Wednesday, November 2/11 Mediaeval Middle Eastern Ceramics R. Mason The Fatimids • 10th - 12th century • Al-Fustat Corinth • • Ravello Tulunids • 868 - Ahmad Ibn Tulun - governor, started the Tulunid Dynasty • 884 - Khumarawayh ibnAhmad • 896 - Jaysh ibn Khuma • ... • 905 - conquest byAbbasids Fatimids • 909 - Abdallah bin Hasein - ‘al-Mahids' • Shia • Claim descendence from Fatima al-Zahra, daughter of the prophet and ‘Ali ibn bAi-Talib' Overthrow governors in North Africa found new capital at al-maydiyya • • 934 - Ismail Ibn al-Qa’im ibn al-mahdi ‘al-Mansur' • 946 - Ma’add ibn al mansur • 975 - Nizar bin al-Muizz Caliphates • • Don’t find Fatimid pottery anywhere else • 1036 - Ma’add ibn al-Zahir • Greatest extend - 1059, Baghdad held Sons Nizar and Ahmad (Bohri Ismailis) cause split • • 1099 - crusades take over jerusalem • 1171 - conquests by salah al-din • 1130 - Tayyihi Ismailis split • Alot of trade in Egypt = a lot of wealth • Fatimid ruled north africa History of Fustat • 9thApril 641 - Amir ibn al-’as conquered Babylon after 6 month siege al-Fustat means ‘the ditches’- fortress surrounded by ditches • • 642 - Fustat became administrative capital of Egypt • 1168 - Fustat occupied by crusades • Site covered in garbage • Used as a dump • Used to excavated phosphatic earth - people pooped in it • Egyptian chronology nonsense - its all mixed up • Settlements go progressively ‘up wind’so you can’t smell previous one • Chronology hints • Large holes (wells, what have you) stratigraphy in holes can more or less date Wednesday, November 2/11 Mediaeval Middle Eastern Ceramics R. Mason The Fatimids • Continuation of Samarra Stucco C • Fatimid calligraphy with vegetal themes Fatimids obsessed with symmetry • • Typical rounded motifs with trilateral divisions • Abstract vegetal motif Armenians • Probably invented castles • Very good at archery • Built gates at Bab al-Futah • Designed to be defended by archers Egypt • Biggest source of gold • Dolls • Easily preserved in Egyp climate Peacock imagery • • Carver rock-crystal objects • Glass production • Lustre painted Earliest lustre paint • • Bunnies very important in islamic ware Pottery • 8th-9th centuryAD Figural depiction • • Earthenware • Slip-paint • Byzantine Fustat-Lustre ware • Phase one - 975-1025 AD • Colours are not consistent in early Fatimid ware • Monochrome is never consistent Tin opacified • • Started experimenting with clay • Lustreware must’ve b
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