JPA331Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Comparative Advantage

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8 Nov 2012
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5 year plan is national economic blueprint put out by communist countries
first 5yr plan: 1950-1955 was largely based on the soviet experience
by 1956 the CCP gained more confidence and began to modify the Soviet
experience
1958: Great leap Forward
fundamental departure from the Soviet model
Soviet model of development: urban biased strategy – favoured
development of heavy industrial sector at the expense of the rural
agricultural sector
fast growth was paramount
pre-Mao China: poor peasants were most disadvantaged, followed by the
middle peasants
with the establishment of the PRC, it was reversed. Poor peasants were seen
as the victors of communist society. Landlords were condemned.
Paved the way for land reform in 1950
poor peasants (large % of population), they had nothing before CCP came
into power
with land reform, land taken from landlords and given to the poor
peasants
helped win widespread support, bolstered the CCP's legitimacy in the
eyes of the ppl
shuffled the diff classes in society
eliminated old rural elites/landlord class
new elite of ppl from poor and middle peasants who became loyal to
CCP, helped run country side as village cadres
a major feature of the CCP agricultural policy is the collectivization of
agriculture
small household farms condemned as capitalist
collectivization was seen as way to achieve greater output growth
collectivization started in 1952
everyone in village work on big plot of land together, output to be
enjoyed equally
lower stage agricultural producer cooperatives: consisted of 30
households
collective – extension of the local state
collective leaders are village cadres, or various collectives would form a
village
major decisions were made by the collective
agricultural producers collective: 300 households
communes established to carry out village administration and social welfare
a few villages (brigades) form townships (communes)
3 levels in countryside: production team; brigade; commune
led by party cadres
in the cities official violence were used against the counterrevolutionary
campaigns
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