POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Michael Ignatieff, John D. And Catherine T. Macarthur Foundation, Ethnic Cleansing

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Page:
of 2
Dec 3rd, 2012
Michael Ignatieff
Sovereignty and Intervention
What makes nations sovereign? When is it okay to intervene on nations
sovereignty?
Intervention dilemmas: Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo
Canadian leadership
Macarthur Foundation support
International Commission on Sovereignty and intervention, 2001
Bosnia, end of cold war, Serbs kill other ethnicities to maintain there national
state, many die well Western world watches
Ethnic cleansing
Intervention in the world relies on approval from UN security council
Canadian intervention in Bosnia was illegal as it did not have approval from UN
security council
Canada lead with ideas in establishment of International Commission
Responsibility to protect (R2P) ,
All sovereign nations have the responsibility to protect there own citizens
If sovereign state fails in protection other states have the ability to intervene
The way you say something in international politics matters, right to intervene,
Responsibility to protect
Sovereignty in the UN charter
Human security or National security?
When can intervention be justified?
Ethnic cleansing, actual or apprehended, widespread massacre, genocide, actual
or apprehended
Deliberate famine, Ukrainian famine
Human rights abuses, democratic overthrow, Weapons of mass destruction do
these call for intervention, not such a easy call
Right authority, right intention, just cause, last resort, proportional means,
reasonable prospects, exit strategy- (Just war criteria)-
Interveners responsibility, the responsibility to prevent, the responsibility to react,
the responsibility to rebuild
Syria
Should we intervene?
Neither side will compromise
40, 000 civilians have died
Civil war may end in genocide
Regime collapse may result in state collapse
State collapse destabilizes the region
Intervention options: Sanctions and diplomatic isolation, negotiated cease fire and
transition, reference to the ICC, Lift and strike-arm the rebels, save havens,
ground troops
Reasons for :Intervention: stop the killing, prevent revenge massacres on the
Alawites
Create clients
Shape the transition
Defeat El Qaeda/ Salafist
Stabilize the region
Counter Iran

Document Summary

Bosnia, end of cold war, serbs kill other ethnicities to maintain there national. International commission on sovereignty and intervention, 2001 state, many die well western world watches. Canadian intervention in bosnia was illegal as it did not have approval from un. Intervention in the world relies on approval from un security council security council. Canada lead with ideas in establishment of international commission. All sovereign nations have the responsibility to protect there own citizens. The way you say something in international politics matters, right to intervene, If sovereign state fails in protection other states have the ability to intervene. Ethnic cleansing, actual or apprehended, widespread massacre, genocide, actual or apprehended. Human rights abuses, democratic overthrow, weapons of mass destruction do these call for intervention, not such a easy call. Right authority, right intention, just cause, last resort, proportional means, reasonable prospects, exit strategy- (just war criteria)- Interveners responsibility, the responsibility to prevent, the responsibility to react, the responsibility to rebuild.