POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Party System, Identity Politics, Oligarchy

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3 Dec 2010
September 27th 2010.
*important things for test from last week:
-patronage (pre WW1), how has it affected parties and party system
-seedbeds/origins of canadian political system
-corruption of election system (open votes) and other economic interests (John A
I. Classifying Parties and Party system
a. Numerical
b. Origins
c. Organization
d. Integrated- Confederal
e. Ideological
II. Four Canadian Party Systems:
1. Patronage and State Building 1867-1917
2. Brokerage and Nation Building 1921-1963
3. Electronic and Agenda Setting 1963-1988
4. Regional and Fragmentation 1993-2004
I. Classifying Parties and Party system
1. Numerical
-after ww2, a sense of triumph and need to try and explain why countries who won were
stable democratic states while those who failed were authoritarian
a) One Party Dominance:
-South Africa has one party system
-one party dominates, because it has won over 70% of seats or half the vote, or it may
not win 50% of vote but it keeps winning over consecutive years
b) Two Party System
-system where two parties have overwhelming majority of vote and 90% of seats. BC
has two party( liberal and NDP)
-2 parties periodic or regular switch of competition
c) Three Party System
-three parties have minimum of 20% of votes and some seats
-1980, 1984 and 1988 three parties with twenty percent of vote in federal elections.
d) Two and a half Party System
-two major parties and another smaller party (ndp)
e) Multiparty System
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