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POL103 Lecture 1

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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POL103—LEC 01
September 15, 2009
Tradition and Modernity
(Get from Natasha)
Canada got OHIP in early 1960’s
The Executive has more power in Canada than the US
American President is a very weak figure; cannot over ride Cong res s
It is true that when a government has the majority in Canada, the PM can pass whatever
he wants; no bill ever fails to pass if it does, the government falls. The design is for
eff iciency.
You can either: change ideology which is insane though, you can rail against special
interests which is done by t he President, or you can change t he institutional order. This
design was set forth in the 18
century colon ies to ensure that there wasnt a new tyranny.
There are multiple veto points in the US system. There are so many points at which
legislation can be vetoed. This encourages all kinds of behavior.
Parliamentary committee cannot kill a piece of legislation, a congressional committee can
but they never get put up to vote. They only conduct investigations.
A piece of legislation can be turned down, but only t hree times.
Canadian Senate is essentially powerless, it can stall legislation but it cant kill it.
Economy and Society in the Pre-Modern Era
Scarcity; most people had no surplus what so ever, they lived on land, they were
subsistence farmers
Non-Market Societies; there were multiple cur rencies, and multiple banks, they needed
protection because everyone wanted their goods
Family Life; families tended to be extended, they were like tribes, and you tended to live
in extended families, almost everyone was uncle or auntie, you did not have choiceyou
were born into this. You were born to your station in life, and you do whatever was
appropriate to that station. IF you were a woman you were subject to a man, and etc.
Kinship relations were more important than anyt hing else, and these were extended –
Profound consequences.
Affective Orientation: Orientations – the way people fought. Relations were highly
emotion based – love. Highly personal. Emotion played a huge role.
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