The Rise of the West and Marxism
•Modernization started in Northwest triangle of Europe
Twin Revolutions (16th -19th)
•Agriculture and Industrial Revolutions
•May be hyperbole to call it revolution. Case of Flemish and British farmers.
•Originate in late 18th century England.
•Ex. Raw cotton processed in British factories.
• Iron processed into steal in English factories.
•Huge changes in domestic consumption pattern. (Luxuries are decencies. Decencies
seen as necessities.)
• Rise of the middle classes!
•Social Result: Scarcity to surplus.
•Complexity of division of labour
•New forms of social consciousness (achievement status no more)
•How to analyze society?
•Who controls means of production?
•Materialism: a method for understanding. How people live? What is God?
•Feuerbach and critique of German idealism (Hegell): Man created God, God did not
•Marx –who do we need religion –injustice? You must go for the material causes.
The rise of the west and marxism: modernization started in northwest t riangle of europe. Twin revolutions (16th -19th: agriculture and industrial revolutions. Agriculture: may be hyperbole to call it revolution. Industrial: originate in late 18th century england, ex. I ron processed into steal in english factories: huge changes in domestic consumption pattern. (luxuries are decencies. Rise of the middle classes: social result: scarcity to surplus, complexity of division of labour, new forms of social consciousness (achievement status no more) Karl marx: how to analyze society, who controls means of production, materialism: a method for understanding. You must go for the material causes. www. notesolution. com. Superstructrure economic life: societies go through: slave feudal, capitalist, socialist communist modes of production. Marx: capitalism: burgosies those who own capital. How does history unfold: exploitation: time made to control industrial societies (ex of superstructure) New classes grab power for their particular interest but claim it is in the universal interest.