Rise of West
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The Rise of the West and Marxism
•Modernization started in Northwest triangle of Europe
Twin Revolutions (16th -19th)
•Agriculture and Industrial Revolutions
•May be hyperbole to call it revolution. Case of Flemish and British farmers.
•Originate in late 18th century England.
•Ex. Raw cotton processed in British factories.
• Iron processed into steal in English factories.
•Huge changes in domestic consumption pattern. (Luxuries are decencies. Decencies
seen as necessities.)
• Rise of the middle classes!
•Social Result: Scarcity to surplus.
•Complexity of division of labour
•New forms of social consciousness (achievement status no more)
•How to analyze society?
•Who controls means of production?
•Materialism: a method for understanding. How people live? What is God?
•Feuerbach and critique of German idealism (Hegell): Man created God, God did not
•Marx –who do we need religion –injustice? You must go for the material causes.
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