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Lecture

lecture note from last lecture


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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POL 101 Y1 – April 4th – Is theretruth” in Political Science?
How do we know what we know? Revisiting Huntington and Fukuyama
Review: idea of this course: lot of themes; Not going deep but wildly
Higher year in Political Science: specific and going deeper
Big themes of the class: is the world moving to democracy or clash of civilizations? (Reviewing)
What is liberty and what is freedom?
Concepts: ancient (class, group, and collective freedom) vs. modern (individual concept)
The political model design on modern liberty way and the basic of model of individual freedom
is liberal democracy
Liberalism and its challengers
Communism, fascism, problems of democracy (equality and so on)
What explains the relations between states: theories and cases
In case of war and peace between states: Cold War, Cuba Crisis, Rise of China
Way to figure out the states relate with each other (theories of international relation): Realism,
Liberalism, and Constructlism
Why do some countries become powerful and what is the impact of that? (realism)
Most of international theories look for powerful countries: powerful conquer and poor response;
strong expect what they can and weak accept what they found
The rich and the poor (economic policies)
Why? And inequality between states
Why some countries rich and poor; why some countries become rich and some countries still
poor.
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e.g.: South Korea was poor but it is no longer poor. Why this did not occur in other countries (for
example the rest of Asia)? Question: how did poor countries get rich from poor and
disadvantaged conditions? Can Western still be rich countries or poor countries will take over
Western in the future?
Nationalism, conflict between ethnic groups, and genocide (beginning of this semester)
Remember these concepts and what condition they occur?
Global Governance beyond the state
EU, UN and so on
Final Exam: cover all these big themes; 60% focus on second half; no trick questions, 50% for 20
MC and 50% for 2 essay.
Guess the questions: broad things we talk in lectures, concrete evidences of examples
from reading and lectures
Compare with last mid-term test: because second half is partly continuous of the first, so
the exams emphasis will be on the second half
Theories are important . We believe theories because the theories do more sense of reality
and makes easy understand of the reality. Theories also make things meaningful.
What I like about political science:
We ask big questions: wealth or poverty, democracy or dictatorship, life or death
Huntingtons answer: civilizations have bloody borders
Earlier conflicts were about ideology (Cold War) and territories (WWII)
Now, we are no longer fighting for ideology, but we conflict in big cultural differences
Example and sub question: prelude to the Holocaust (Huntington)
Ethnic questions: neighbours of other ethnic groups
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